The following definitions are as defined by the Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey.  Additional survey notes can be found at the following link: https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/herd/2017/herd_2017_tech_notes.pdf

  • Fiscal year: Institution’s financial year. University of Arizona Fiscal Year Begins July 1st and ends June 30th. 

  • Rank: Rank is determined by Total R&D expenditures

  • R&D expenditures:  Expenditures from the institution’s current operating funds that were separately accounted for. For the purposes of the survey, R&D includes expenditures for organized research as defined by 2 CFR 220 Part 200 Appendix III and expenditures from funds designated for research. Expenditures came from internal or external funding and included recovered and unrecovered indirect costs. Funds passed through to sub-recipient organizations were also included. R&D was excluded if it was conducted by university faculty or staff at outside institutions and was not accounted for in the reporting institution’s financial records.
  • Sources of funds:

    • Federal Government: Any agency of the U.S. government. Federal funds that were passed through to the reporting institution from another institution were included.

    • State and Local Government: Any state, county, municipality, or other local government entity in the United States, including state health agencies. State funds that supported R&D at agricultural and other experiment stations were included. Public institutions reported state appropriations restricted for R&D activities in this category.

    • Business: Domestic or foreign for-profit organizations. Funds from a company’s nonprofit foundation were not reported here; they were reported under Nonprofit organizations.

    • Nonprofit organizations: Domestic or foreign nonprofit foundations and organizations, except universities and colleges. Funds from the reporting institution’s 501(c)3 foundation were reported under Institutional funds. Funds from other universities and colleges were reported under All other sources.

    • Institutional funds: Includes institutionally financed research (all R&D funded by the institution from accounts that are only used for research), cost sharing (committed), and unrecovered indirect costs (the portion of indirect costs associated with a sponsored project that was not reimbursed by the sponsor in accordance with the institution’s negotiated indirect cost rate).

    • Other: Sources not reported in other categories, such as funds from foreign governments, foreign or U.S. universities, and gifts designated by the donors for research.

  • * Johns Hopkins University includes the Applied Physics Laboratory, with $1,472,103 thousand in total R&D expenditures in FY 2017.