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Travel Diaries

Letters and diarios de comision from Borica de Diego concerning military visitas in Nuevo Vizcaya first in this series begins with febrero 14 de 1791.

Author(s): 
Borica, Diego de (Teniente Coronel)
Author(s): 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Date: 
03-22-1791
Documentation: 
Durango, Mexico, estancia de rio florido, rancho de talamantes. March 22, 1791 -April 6, 1792. 32pp. Approximate letters, diarios de comision. Originals, copies. Reyes trujillo returning after expedition against manta prieta with indian aid ojos Colorados, an indian attack against San Juan bauptista, group of six Apaches being followed by group of indians from Conchos, Apache indian attack in which two men were killed, primera compania Volante kills one Apache and recaptures livestock stolen, troops that escorted Ugarte y Loyola, communication from subdelegado de cosiguariachy advising Borica that in that jurisdiction forcing indians to work in the mines would be prohibited, gets a request from governors of satevo, yoquivo, and guapdaynas that they have their own religious administration because current system of using priests of Batopilas is unsatisfactory due to distances involved, Borica responds by sending letter stating he will look into the matter when he visits these areas and also sends copies of decrees on matters relating to the treatment of indians in missions; letter concerning the matter of indians working as servants in homes of hacendados without pay and prohibitions and circumstances that have led to these developments; letter discussing the points made by Lopez muato on mission and civil authority over indians in missions, what permission indians need in order to leave the pueblos, what kinds of punishments are to be applied to indians who miss mass purposely, policy on alcoholism and delinquency mentioned during religious service, regulations on travel restrictions on indians; travel diary from 2-27-1791 thru 3-13-1791; indian called tomas his history of escape and recapture, last instance of capture was at hands of indians of piedras bolas; travel diary from 3-14-1791 thru 3-28-1791, apprehension of prisoners banda, palacios, Castaneda, gertrudi. Case against them was not proven and key witnesses roman and Acosta did not arrive for judicial proceeding, robberies committed by Juan Joseph conde; punishment of vizcarra for being lazy; meets with rouset de Jesus discussed indian complaints from missions, refers to recommendations made, Tapia requesting indian escorts and his disatisfaction with service provided, ochoa, Jose manuel takes statements from tecoricy and tonachic after their apprehension, visit to pueblo of satebo discontinues practice of cura using weekly workers, semneros in mission without pay; named teniente general for satevo, joya, and baponoyaba; in the latter, wives of prisoners seeking their release and it becomes apparent that without their husbands they have no way of surviving except for charity of the people in their pueblos; meets with anna maria, widow of indian Miguel Mariano, who seeks return of livestock confiscated from husband at time of arrest, he died in jail with daughter. (O. Velez, March 1989)

visita de la jurisdiccion del oro con que dio cuenta el comisionado, y se remitio al senor comandante general don Pedro de Nava ....

Author(s): 
Borica, Diego de (Teniente Coronel)
Author(s): 
Nava, Pedro de (Comandante General)
Author(s): 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Date: 
02-06-1791
Documentation: 
Mexico, estancia de rio florido, Chihuahua. February 16, 1791 - September 18, 1792. 30pp. Approximate. Letters. Originals, copies. Being abstacted here; submittal of the diario de comision and quaderno by Borica; resumption of visita throughout Nueva Vizcaya by Borica in accordance with orders received by Revilla gigedo despite the deterioration of the horses with one of the primary purposes of checking the abuse of indians within the mission system; diario de comision written for visita mentioned above; suspension of Borica's visita due to the rainy season in the remaining jurisdictions to be inspected, decision made to wait so that a proper inspection can be made, delaying the submittal of the recommendations made for the jurisdictions already inspected until entire visita conducted, no incidences of fugitive missions in areas visited so far, problems have emerged on use of indians by jueces and misioneros without remuneration and also in the administration of justice system; Borica fulfilling the duties of ayudante inspector in the villa where he is located until the rainy season passes; content of Borica's visits which include information on Spanish and indian populations, haciendas and ranches, pardon of 4 prisoners sentenced to death, 6 thieves, aprehension of various delinquents and fugitive indians from the missions and their rehabilitation, population figures for indians and comments on their activities and unjust use of their labour in agriculture performed for others, remedied this last situation, prohibited the continuation of having indians punished by judges and stimulatd them to respect ministers and apply themselves to the christian religion, inspected archives of the ruling bodies of the 24 jurisdictions for their improvement and coordination, in each pueblo a file established during visita noting number of indians in each, local circumstances, language spoken, character, property owned collectively and individually, pressures they felt and what Borica did to alleviate these, the fact that other measures still need to be implemented, advises haste on the latter, nava seeks virrey's guidance on measures still to be implemented; sealed letter from virrey conde de Revilla gigedo to the fiscal de lo civil summarizing the activities and correspondence associated with Borica's visita as has been done above; acknowledgement made by virrey of correspondence from nava on subject of Borica's visits. (O. Velez, March 1989)

Diarios del ayudante inspector don Diego de Borica en su comision de visita de la Taraumara.

Author(s): 
Borica, Diego de (Teniente Coronel)
Author(s): 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Date: 
12-27-1790
Documentation: 
Mexico, Acosta (hacienda). December 27, 1790 - February 2, 1791. 26pp. Approximate. Letters, diarios de comision. Originals. Borica started on November 23, 1790, resumption of visita after cease of indian attacks; leaves 40 men to protect the frontier area; indian theft of cattle from hacienda yndee and rancho ramos, plans to decrease troop strength in tercera compania once indians abandon unspecified area and send those troops to corral de piedra detachment; Borica forming his detachment by pulling troops from companys in area; virrey acknowledges letter sent by Borica announcing the commencement visita. Diary 0f 12-04-1790 thru 12-18-1790. Widow, indian and his family of four approach Borica seeking to be resettled in their original town tizono, had comandante del pilar station 30 men on cienega to protect against indians, stops at canada de san Joseph due to strong snowfall, has subdelegado of the cienega de los olivos transferred to guejonita for purpose of conducting visitas in those jurisdictions, comes across navogame who tells him of indians who had fled missions ostensibly to receive baptism in guerachi, tecorichi, or Nabogame missions, followed them into the barranca de zapa and chase was ended when rainfall made it impossible to continue; soldier dies of unspecified illness during visita; majority of families of baquiriachy involved in agricultural activities; diario of visitas from 12-19-1790 thru 01-04-1791, greater part of population of pueblo of guazarache found in the surrounding valleys looking for corn not produced on their own lands, news of horse theft by indians at tasgera and munquisa 2 parties of 20 men sent after them search terminated at Santa Rosalia, forbids certain missions to continue working indians until paid back salaries; while in Tepehuanes and taraumara made Arechevala and zapiain generals, made Tapia and cruz teniente general; teniente generals given copies of orders prohibiting employment of indians without pay and limiting those persons able to order punishment of indians to juezes reales and justiciales de pueblos, authorizes trevino to conduct search for escaped indians from missions in jurisdiction of oro, guanaceui, and Santiago; letter from sotelo describing capture of indians who had attacked and stolen livestock with aid of Monclova, grado, and Cordero; continues visita through Santa Anna comments on distressed condition of agricultural productivity; named dia teniente general, mentions briefly hardships faced by indians of san lorenzo because of the priest of this area; obliges priest to employ a cook for indians working for him, pay indians for work, supply them with oxen, supply them with food, escorts, and blankets for trips made by indians to Chihuahua in order to transport goods. (O. Velez, March 1989)
General Subjects: 

Letters by Quimper to virrey and others concerning navigation trips.

Author(s): 
Tixoso, Francisco
Author(s): 
Quimper, Manuel (Teniente)
Author(s): 
Saavedra, Ramon
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
11-06-1792
Documentation: 
Acapulco. November 6, 1792 to January 3, 1793. 66p. Informes. Relaciones. Signed.

Letter from Florez to Ugalde concerning receiving the latter's diary of his trip to Texas in which various Indian groups are mentioned.

Author(s): 
Florez, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Date: 
08-12-1788
Documentation: 
August 8, 1788. 2p. Draft. Original.
General Subjects: 

Correspondence between Cazorla and Bucareli. Years 1776 and 1777.

Author(s): 
Cazorla, Luis
Date: 
05-01-1776
Documentation: 
Bahia. May 1, 1776 to April 8, 1777. 26p. Letters, extractos. Originals, signed, unsigned.
General Subjects: 

Juan Bautista de Anza to Pedro Corbalna (Corbalan's cover letter to Bucareli, Alamos, 12/24/1771/ letter concerning Garces' trip to Rio Colorado.

Author(s): 
Anza, Juan Bautista de
Date: 
11-10-1771
Documentation: 
Tubac. November 10, 1771. Letter. Copy. Photostat.
Keywords: 
General Subjects: 

Oconor to virrey on military visitas

Author(s): 
Oconor, Hugo (Comandante)
Author(s): 
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Crespo, Francisco Antonio
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
12-17-1774
Documentation: 
Carrizal. December 17, 1774-April 5, 1775. 46p. Letters. Signed, copies.

[untitled]

Author(s): 
Peiran, Diego (Capitan)
Date: 
05-20-1768
Documentation: 
Guaymas. May 20, 1768. 10p. Letters. Informe. Signed.
General Subjects: