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Indians

Return of Nicolas Cosio, teniente of the tercera compania Volante, and the aid that he gave a cuenta de sus pagas vencidas.

Author(s): 
Cosio, Nicolas (Teniente)
Author(s): 
Ugalde, Juan de (Brigadir)
Author(s): 
Others
Date: 
12-31-1789
Documentation: 
Nuevo Santander, Mexico City. May 11, 1791 - January 5, 1792. 34p. Informes, letters, peticiones. Originals, signed.
General Subjects: 

Letters between Ugarte y Loyola and virrey about Romero's anti-Apache campaign June 1788.

Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Author(s): 
Romero, Pablo (Capitan)
Author(s): 
Virrey (?)
Date: 
06-11-1788
Documentation: 
Chihuahua, fronteras (presidio). June 11, 1788 - August 12, 1788. 10p. Letters. Originals, signed.
General Subjects: 

Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.

Author(s): 
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Author(s): 
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Date: 
09-04-1787
Documentation: 
Paso del norte, Arispe. September 4, 1787 - July 27, 1788. 96p. Letters, tables. Originals, signed, copies. not been inspected for 21 years, 2) to determine cumanche- navajo-Spanish relations, and 3) to familiarize himself with the terrain prior to launching a military campaign. Reports to Ugarte y Loyola that all New Mexico troops are mobilized for action. Includes detailed diary of consequent campaign around Santa Fe in October 1787. Santa Fe campaign military force composed of presidial troops and cumanche and Apache xicarilla auxiliaries. Details include distance traveled, reports of scouting activities, geographical and weather details, and tabular breakdown of force into four divisions, listing commander, station, and force size. Rengel blames slowness of March on insubordination and unruliness of indian auxiliaries; virrey responds, suggesting exclusion of auxiliaries from main campaigns. Includes description of landmarks along route, information on jacales settlement patterns, high accuracy of niera's (?) Map, construction of bridge to cross Colorado river, battle tactics of reconnaissance and night attack, and peacefulness of cumanches. More specific campaign details are recorded in a division by division report. Virrey flores responds, encouraging more action and less writing. Ugarte y Loyola also reports events of Cordero's and bergara's troops in Nueva Vizcaya campaign (October 1787-mar 1788). Table illustrates organization of force into four divisions, showing locations and force size for each division. Each division presents account of indian hostilities and a report of military actions taken. Indian hostilities include general theft (horses, cattle, mules, burros, and oxen), murders, assaults on mule trains, corpse stripping, kidnappings, abductions, and massacre of mescales. Reports falseness of Apache and mescalero peace proposals, how indians bribe vecinos to spy on military cavalry movements and report these maneuvers to indians, indian custom of collecting ears of killed enemies, and indian ambush of officials attempting to track indians in mountains. Includes summary tables of indian hostilities and military combat statistics by indian group, province, and division. Provinces included are Sonora, Nueva Vizcaya, New Mexico, Coahuila, Texas in 1787. explains meaning of term gileno as one type of chiricagui. Gileno is also an umbrella term for mimbrenos and Apaches in western part of Nueva Vizcaya. Gilenos cited as worst enemies, feared by Spanish and indians alike. Progress toward indian pacification is reported. Describes how mescalero nation was ordered by capitancillos to move to Santa Rosa. With mescalero peace in Nueva Vizcaya established, emphasis on pacification shifts to Coahuila. Military maneuvers described. Spanish use both indians and Spanish for reconnaissance activities. Detailed description of bergara's, Cordero's and others' forces milpa destruction (corn, tobacco, frijoles, calabasa), rancheria assaults, killing of Apache guide by Volunteers. Limited success in tracking and animal recovery blamed on snow, tired horses. Virrey flores praises bergara's zeal. (S. Gibbs, February 1988)

Letters between Diaz de hortega, virrey Flores & various military officials about Indian attacks and vecino abandonment.

Author(s): 
Palacios, Antonio (Telesforo)
Author(s): 
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Diaz de Hortega, Phelipe (Gobernador Intendente)
Date: 
10-06-1768
Documentation: 
Durango, Chihuahua, San Bartolome, guajugilla and others. October 13, 1788 -- January 19, 1789. 74p. Letters. Originals, signed, copies.
General Subjects: 

Oficios to and from Ugalde concerning legal proceedings.

Author(s): 
Ugalde, Juan de
Author(s): 
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Alonso (Arzobispo de Mexico)
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
10-03-1783
Documentation: 
Santa Rosa (Valle), Mexico (City). October 3, 1783-October 16 1787. 67p. Informes, letters, decretos. Copies.
General Subjects: 

Correspondence concerning various administrative affairs in Nuevo Santander.

Author(s): 
Noriega, Melchor de
Author(s): 
Escandon, Joseph de
Date: 
07-24-1756
Documentation: 
Guadalcazar, Mexico, Queretaro, Nuevo Santander. July 24, 1756 December 19, 1758. 95p. Letters, drafts. Signed, originals.
General Subjects: 

Various letters from Vidal Lorca y Villera, Melchor, April 1774.

Author(s): 
Vidal de Lorca y Villera, Melchor
Date: 
04-12-1774
Documentation: 
Monterrey. April 12, 1774. 20p. Letters. Signed.
General Subjects: