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Ynstruccion del estado en que se halla la yntendencia, y gobierno en Sonora, y Sinaloa , hasta 2 de julio de 1790.

Serial Number: 
041-05766
Title: 
Ynstruccion del estado en que se halla la yntendencia, y gobierno en Sonora, y Sinaloa , hasta 2 de julio de 1790.
Author(s): 
Garrido y Duran, Pedro (Gobernador)
Date: 
00-00-1734
Date: 
07-02-1790
Documentation: 
Arispe. July 2, 1790. 118p. Residencia. Original. Signed.
Summary: 
Lengthy document by Garrido y Duran informing Revilla Gigedo on the causa de policia,judicial, economic, and military conditions of Sonora and Sinaloa up to 1790. On judicial Side, it is mentioned that province consists of 11 jurisdictions headed by a jefe de tribunal with the power to appoint local town officials; these officials operate without salary due to lack of funds caused by Apache depredations and poor harvests. Mention that in the recent past Indians were forced to work in mines, haciendas, and Ranchos, and that they were exploited and did not have time to cultivate their own land; now he has prohibited this, and that Indians will work on a voluntary Basis. Discussion that community wealth is administrated by the missionaries, and that they often are more concerned for their own interests allowing community conditions to deteriorate. It is also mentioned a lack of prisons. With respect to causa de policia, it is mentioned that Apache attacks have frightened the population and have prevented increases in commerce, mining, agriculture, and animal husbandry. Mention of lack of civil and administrative office in many towns; there is lack of hospitals, casas de Obraje, schools, and public meat and seeds stores. Mention that people are divided in two groups, one consisting of good people involved in commerce, mining, and agriculture; the other consisting of house servants and Manual laborers, who are drunkards and have other vices. Economics- list of different tax collection offices. Mention of the different partidos as well as the people holding these offices and amount of money payed for such offices. In order to attract more merchants to frontier, no tax is Charged on their goods. With respect to military affairs, it is mentioned that enemy Indians live in dispersed hamlets, lack supreme chief, and operate separately; Indians described as thieves. Mention of 6 military groups of soldiers, and 3 of Indian auxiliaries; short discussion of soldier's living conditions in presidios, as well as expenses involved for maintenance of troops. (J. Tapia, January, 1988)
Persons: 
Garrido y Duran, Pedro
Persons: 
Grimarest, Henrique de (Gobernador Intendente)
Persons: 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Huidobro, Manuel Bernal
Persons: 
Corbalan, Pedro
Persons: 
Croix, Teodoro de (Comandante General)
Persons: 
Galvez, Joseph de
Persons: 
Florez, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Persons: 
Tresierra y Cano, Alonso (Asesor)
Persons: 
Garcia, Joseph Mariano
Persons: 
Honorato de Rivera, Juan
Persons: 
Santelizes, Bernardo de (Alcalde)
Persons: 
Rois Garcia, Manuel (Alcalde)
Persons: 
Ximenes, Cristoval Moyano (Alcalde)
Persons: 
Andrade, Pedro (Alcalde)
Persons: 
Valenzuela, Joseph Rafael (Subdelegado)
Persons: 
Esquer, Joseph Gabriel
Persons: 
Gagiola, Diego Maria
Persons: 
Fuente, Manuel de la
Persons: 
Hortega y Martinez, Pasqual de
Persons: 
Padilla, Ygnacio
Persons: 
Gonzales de Posada, Francisco
Persons: 
Murua, Jose Lorenzo
Persons: 
Sonora, Marques de (Visitador General)
Persons: 
Barbastro, Francisco Antonio (Padre)
Persons: 
Reyes, Antonio de los (Obispo)
Persons: 
Fuente, Mauricio de la
Persons: 
Svinon, Manuel (Contador)
Persons: 
Echeagaray, Francisco (Oficial Mayor)
Persons: 
Avedano, Juan Joseph
Persons: 
Sanches, Joseph Antonio
Persons: 
Echanojauregui, Antonio de
Persons: 
Cano y Mar, Agustin
Persons: 
Ynigo, Fernando Ruis
Persons: 
Ortiz, Juan Manuel
Persons: 
Vea, Ambrosio de
Persons: 
Flores, Agustin
Persons: 
Ortega, Fernando Mariano
Persons: 
Castillo, Manuel Antonio del
Persons: 
Bustamante, Juan Manuel de
Persons: 
Prestamero, Francisco
Persons: 
Perasa, Casimiro
Persons: 
Panuco, Marques de
Persons: 
Garcia, Joseph Parrilla (Contador General)
Persons: 
Granados, Joseph Joaquin (Padre)
Persons: 
Perez, Joseph Antonio Serrano
Persons: 
Padilla, Juan Joseph
Persons: 
Corella, Joseph Maria
Persons: 
Morales, Lazaro
Persons: 
Castro, Antonio Henrique
Persons: 
Valenzuela, Pedro Manuel
Persons: 
Palacios, Juan Antonio
Persons: 
Soto, Joseph Ramon de
Persons: 
Ventura, Juan Batiz
Persons: 
Velasques, Santiago
Persons: 
Torre, Alexo de la
Persons: 
Martines de Yzabal, Pedro
Persons: 
Florida Blanca, Conde de
Persons: 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante)
Persons: 
Escalante, Tomas (Armero)
Persons: 
Serrano, Joseph Miguel
Persons: 
Gach, Estevan
Persons: 
Madero, Joseph
Places: 
Arispe
Places: 
Sonora (Provincia)
Places: 
Sinaloa (Provincia)
Places: 
Nueva-Vizcaya
Places: 
Texas
Places: 
Nuevo Mexico
Places: 
Californias (Peninsula)
Places: 
Lima
Places: 
Madrid
Places: 
Rosario
Places: 
Huerta, San Antonio de la (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
HOstimuri (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Cieneguilla (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Alamos, Real de los (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Fuerte, Villa del (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Culiacan (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Sinaloa (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Copala (Subdelegacion)
Places: 
Maloya
Places: 
Cosala
Places: 
Guadalaxara
Places: 
Pimeria Alta
Places: 
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de (Colegio)
Places: 
Chihuagua
Places: 
Aconchi (Mision)
Places: 
Horcasitas, San Miguel de
Places: 
San Sevastian
Places: 
Durango
Places: 
Tepache (Valle)
Places: 
Oposura (Valle)
Places: 
Fronteras (Presidio)
Places: 
Sonora (Valle)
Places: 
Tacupeto (Valle)
Places: 
Baroyeca (Real)
Places: 
Rio Chico (Real)
Places: 
Fuerte (Villa)
Places: 
Batuco (Valle)
Places: 
Sonora (Rio)
Places: 
Opodepe (Rio)
Places: 
Hiaqui (Rio)
Places: 
Trinidad (Real)
Places: 
Bacubirito (Real)
Places: 
Mocorito
Places: 
San Xavier (Real)
Places: 
Alisos (Real)
Places: 
Badiraquato (Pueblo)
Places: 
Ymala (Pueblo)
Places: 
Quila (Pueblo)
Places: 
Matape (Pueblo)
Places: 
Ures (Pueblo)
Places: 
Altar, Santa Gertrudis del (Presidio)
Places: 
Buenavista, San Carlos de (Presidio)
Places: 
Terrenate, Santa Cruz de (Presidio)
Places: 
Babispe, San Miguel de
Places: 
Bacoachic, San Miguel de
Places: 
Buenavista, San Rafael de
Places: 
Pitic
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Xalisco
Places: 
Arivechi
Places: 
Caxon (Real)
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Hiaquis
Ethnic Groups: 
Opatas
Ethnic Groups: 
Pimas
Ethnic Groups: 
Seris
Military Groups: 
Opatas, Compania de
Military Groups: 
Pimas, Compania de
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 259 ff. 208-267
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 259 ff. 208-267
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Ff. 208 is index of following documents
Reference Number: 
25900010
Rights: 
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