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Concha informs of New Mexico's state of troops and enemies and effective means for the containment of these foes.

Serial Number: 
041-05641
Title: 
Concha informs of New Mexico's state of troops and enemies and effective means for the containment of these foes.
Author(s): 
Concha, Fernando de la
Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Date: 
09-17-1788
Date: 
04-06-1789
Documentation: 
Mexico/santa Fe. September 17, 1788 - April 6, 1789. 32p. Informes. Originals/signed.
Summary: 
Concha states that Mimbrenos, Gilenos, Apaches, Faraones, Navajos, Yutas and Cumanches are present in New Mexico --the latter two being numerous and strong. Provincia composed of 8 jurisdictions. Reports that town Indians are applied workers that cultivate carefully their lands, selling part of their crops, and dressing selves with fabricated textiles. Indians reported to enjoy a comfort greater than in anywhere in the two Americas. Indians also credited as robust and agile in war. Notes that Spanish population, much more numerous, is equally dedicated to agriculture and care of livestock. Women weave cotton and wool skillfully. Notes snowy Weather conditions. Provincias, use of bartering and coins called pesos de la tierra. Reports that residents and Indians are very obedient in military campaigns; however, they are not richly provided for. Indians lack instruction from missions while Spanish have little. Description of makeup and excellent quality of troops in provincia. Notes advantages of alliance with Cumanches, Nabajoes, Yutas to unite against common Apache enemy. Geographic and military plans of two summer campaigns which utilize Allied Indian nations. (J. Hiller, may 1989)
Persons: 
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Neve, Phelipe de
Persons: 
Baptista de Anssa, Juan (Coronel)
Persons: 
Delgado, Manuel (Teniente)
Persons: 
Flores, Manuel Antonio de
Persons: 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante)
Persons: 
Bonilla, Antonio
Places: 
Nueva Vizcaya
Places: 
Chihuahua
Places: 
El Passo del Norte (Presidio)
Places: 
Acome (Mision)
Places: 
Laguna (Mision)
Places: 
Zuni (Mision)
Places: 
Gila (Sierras)
Places: 
Magdalena (Sierra)
Places: 
El Passo (Pueblo)
Places: 
Rio Grande del Norte
Places: 
Mimbres (Sierra)
Places: 
Santa Fe
Ethnic Groups: 
Mimbrenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Gilenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Faraones
Ethnic Groups: 
Navajoes
Ethnic Groups: 
Yutas
Ethnic Groups: 
Cumanches
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 254 ff. 008-023
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 254 ff. 008-023
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Appears as expediente 2 in indice del ramo.
Reference Number: 
25400002
Rights: 
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