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Documents concerning accusations of mistreatment of Indians in missions in alta California

Serial Number: 
041-04723
Title: 
Documents concerning accusations of mistreatment of Indians in missions in alta California
Author(s): 
Concepcion, Antonio de la (Fray)
Date: 
08-20-1778
Date: 
04-19-1805
Documentation: 
California. August 20, 1798. 278p. Informes. Letters. Signed.
Summary: 
Informe concerning complaints from Concepcion against a number of frays from misiones fernandinas. Complains include doctrination of Indians in their own languages, baptism without previous instruction, economic inequality between missions, and a number of petty complaints, Concepcion is accused of being crazy, and transfering him to another colegio is recommended. Follows letter from Concepcion asking for audience from virrey and detailed account of situation. Questionnaire sent by Borica to comandantes of presidios asking about situation in misiones; answers describe in some detail every day life of converted Indians including housing, daily diet and clothing in misiones (folios 10-41). Follows copy of informe previously sent to Branciforte by Borica, and now sent to Azanza. Letter from Buenaventura describing in detail con un Muchacho y Le mando que Se Vaya a fornicar. Borica certifies Arenaza's good record in official document. Follows summary of book-keeping in missions of Nueva California. History of religious, military and civil dominance in California since 1772 is described in some detail by Lull, asking to clear the name of the Missiones in California. Fiscal de la real hacienda suggests sending Concepcion back to Spain to avoid scandals. Unsigned document explaining how missions in California should be divided among different orders. In a long document Laruen summarizes in detail everyday life in missions in California special detail on punishment to Indians, number of lashes, instrument etc, claiming that if something, the treatment to Indians is very soft (mui blando el trato), also very detailed account of aranceles of all missions in California. Laruen asks to dismiss the whole incident with Concepcion, explaining that it is all based in anger of neighbor misiones and presidios due to his bad attitude toward them, follows similar detailed account on housing including measurements of dwellings, materials of clothing, money allocated. This informe and particularly the one that follows are an answer to accusations made by Borica and a number of captains of presidios in the area. (folios 63-101, 104-111). Following is a long document from Arillaga explaining discrepancies between reports from missionaries and military personnel, he explains cada uno dice de la Feria, como Le fue en ella. (folios 112-119). Letters from fiscal de la real hacienda clear the misiones from any fault, concluding the expediente
Persons: 
Martinez de Arenazal, Pasqual (Fray)
Persons: 
Sanches, Francisco Miguel (Fray)
Persons: 
Garcia, Diego (Fray)
Persons: 
Fernandez, Josef Maria (Fray)
Persons: 
Torrent, Xilario (Fray)
Persons: 
Concepcion, Juan Antonio de la (Fray)
Persons: 
Cordoba, Alberto de (Ingeniero)
Persons: 
Buenaventura (Fray)
Persons: 
Lasuen, Fermin
Persons: 
Peiri, Antonio (Fray)
Persons: 
Borica, Diego de (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Azanza, Miguel Joseph de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Arguello, Josef
Persons: 
Gonesechea, Felipe
Persons: 
Martinez, Esteban
Persons: 
Cordoba, Alberto de
Persons: 
Branciforte, Marquez de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Rebuelta, Lorenzo (Fray)
Persons: 
Gonzales Calderon, Miguel
Persons: 
Galvez, Jose de
Persons: 
Bucareli y Urzua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Persons: 
Valero, Marquez de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Conquista, Duque de la
Persons: 
Costales, Gabriel (Capitan)
Persons: 
Lull, Miguel (Fray)
Persons: 
Yriarte, Pedro de (Fray)
Persons: 
Vega Villasis y Cordoba, Laso de la (Cavallero Comendador)
Persons: 
Valcarcel, Domingo
Persons: 
Goycoechea, Felipe de (Comandante)
Persons: 
Soler, Pablo (Cirujano)
Persons: 
Pava, Luis (Cirujano)
Persons: 
Laruen, Fermin Francisco (Fray) (Presidente)
Persons: 
Romero, Joseph Antonio
Persons: 
Saavedra, Ramon (Comandante)
Persons: 
Cortes, Juan (Fray)
Persons: 
Tapis, Estevan (Fray)
Persons: 
Valencia, Martin de (Fray)
Persons: 
Weissen, Matias (Fray)
Persons: 
Benicio, Felipe (Ybon)
Persons: 
Cota, Pablo (Alferez)
Persons: 
Senan, Jose (Fray)
Persons: 
Santa Maria, Vicente de (Fray)
Persons: 
Berenguer de Marquina, Felix (Virrey)
Persons: 
Arillaga, Jose Joaquin de (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Lopez, Baldomero (Fray)
Persons: 
Galiana, Domingo (Fray)
Persons: 
Garijo, Agustin (Fray)
Persons: 
Pena, Thomas de la (Fray)
Persons: 
Callejas, Pedro (Fray)
Places: 
Nueva California
Places: 
San Fernando (Colegio)
Places: 
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de (Colegio)
Places: 
San Diego
Places: 
Mexico, Ciudad de
Places: 
San Miguel (Mision)
Places: 
Monterrey (Presidio)
Places: 
Guadalajara
Places: 
San Francisco (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Clara (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Cruz (Mision)
Places: 
San Joseph (Mision)
Places: 
San Carlos (Mision)
Places: 
Padua, San Antonio de (Mision)
Places: 
San Luis Obispo (Mision)
Places: 
Soledad (Mision)
Places: 
San Juan Bautista (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Mision)
Places: 
Cadiz
Places: 
Veracruz
Places: 
San Gabriel
Places: 
Capistrano, San Juan
Places: 
San Blas
Places: 
Colorado (Rio)
Places: 
Tepic
Places: 
Madrid
Places: 
Aranjuez
Ethnic Groups: 
Franceses
Ethnic Groups: 
Ingleses
Military Groups: 
Military
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 216 ff. 001-131
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 216 ff. 001-131
Language: 
Spanish
Reference Number: 
21600001
Rights: 
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