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Letter to virrey concerning defense of Escandon.

Serial Number: 
041-04132
Title: 
Letter to virrey concerning defense of Escandon.
Author(s): 
Valcarcel y Formento, Domingo
Author(s): 
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra, Joseph de (Secretario)
Author(s): 
Cacela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
06-22-1765
Date: 
12-07-1776
Documentation: 
Mexico. June 22 1765-December 7, 1776. 306p. Letters.
Summary: 
Signed. Concerns defense of Escandon; begins with minimization of charges and a briefly history of Escandons' ascendant career, merits from king; Escandon was in arms and participating in the ejection of British in Laguna in 1720; 1728, was named by virrey as sargento mayor later virrey gave him the title of Coronel; November 15, 1741, Escandon was named as teniente general de la Sierra gorda he gave missions to Franciscanos religious from San Diego de pachuca and San Fernando; he founded and establish four villages with no cost to the royal hacienda; September 3, 1746 in a royal decree full of eulogys virrey gives to Escandon all responsibilities in the mission of pacification de los barbaros de la Sierra gorda and he is named lugar teniente de la Costa del Seno Mexicano; December 1748, founded the first village in area which by 1759 had 20 villages; on folio 182 details of population; in 1757 virrey sent comission to investigate colony; in 1765 virrey orders Escandon to found five new villages in strategic places to stop the continual Indians attacks; strongest defense allegation is envy of Resendi family against Escandon and their plan to get him out of the colony and appeal to the virrey for the titles for their family; in folio 229 is a Spaniards description of Indians; defense by Escandon who defends himself charge by charge; since Escandon was commissioned by the virrey y la junta real de hacienda, they knew that it was a project that was subject to failure, in other words he was not obligated to succeed in his attempt; in selecting captains Escandon never chose the most specialized but selected the ones that were dedicated to the well being of the village; all that the fiscal imputed to Escandon was never supported with real evidence only anonimous statements from someone who heard rumors but had no hard evidence; not even fray Garcia was found in his mission to testify against Escandon to the auditors Osorio and Palacio; in regard to the murder of Indians by Escandon's captains, the fiscal never found witnesses; some of the crimes were investigated by Escandon and he found that the actions benefited the pacification and well being of the village. Escandon repremanded the captain and notified the capitania general. The women and children were placed in missions when the men were murdered or sent to a presidio but never were they sold and sent to Querataro in a collera as the accusations assert; in treatment of criminals, Escandon always followed the royal laws which permitted pardons of criminals if they serve the king. These people were serving the king by risking their lifes in the establishment of the colony; in regard to his rejection of Apaches, he argues it is well known that Apaches don't want anything except trading, and that Spain suffers terribles consequences when it assumes Apaches will remain peaceful in missions. He argued that too often they will suddenly murder, rape and destroy a village. For this reason Escandon avoided Apaches. On March 29, 1763, the royal cedula expired which authorized captain trenda y el ingeniero de la Camara alta to make the first audit of Escandon and nothing wrong was found except for the plot of the Resendi family, 17800 question the official informe by saying that it was corrupted by la voz de oro y Plata de Escandon pudo mas; but in the second audit nobody knew about it, not even the fiscal o el auditor and the results were no different. Escandon is exonerated from all charges. Descendants of Escandon have the right to claim what Escandon left them. (D. Bautista, November 1989)
Persons: 
Croix, Marques de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Palacio, Juan Fernando (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Osorio y Llamas, Jose (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Escandon, Jose (Coronel)
Persons: 
Helguera Castillo, Antonio de la (Capitan)
Persons: 
Vertiz y Ontanon, Juan Joseph (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Casafuerte, Marques de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Vizarron y Eguiarreta, Juan Antonio de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Urtiaga, Josef
Persons: 
Malo de Villavicencio, Pedro (Capitan)
Persons: 
Ladron de Guevara, Antonio
Persons: 
Fernandez de Jauregui, Josef Antonio
Persons: 
Barguin de Montecuesta, Narciso
Persons: 
Fuenclara, Conde de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Altamira, Marques de (Auditor)
Persons: 
Ciprian, Ignacio Antonio (Fray)
Persons: 
Unsaga, Domingo de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Aranda, Marques de (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Amarillas, Marques de las (Virrey)
Persons: 
Tienda de Cuervo, Josef (Capitan)
Persons: 
Lopez, Agustin (Coronel)
Persons: 
Cruillas, Marques de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Velarde, Juan Antonio (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Cortez, Fernando (Heroe)
Persons: 
Resendi, Maria Barbara
Persons: 
Resendi, Maximiliano
Persons: 
Molina, Marcos (Indio)
Persons: 
Pereda, Bernardo (Teniente)
Persons: 
Rivera Maldonado, Juan de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Villalva, Juan de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Baptizta, Manuel (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Pedro Antonio (Indio)
Persons: 
Cruz, Salvador (Indio)
Persons: 
Gutierrez de Hermosillo, Christoval (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Hernandez, Francisco
Persons: 
Galves, Josef
Persons: 
Garcia, Josef Joachin
Persons: 
Soto Troncoso, Francisco
Persons: 
Rivas, Diego de
Persons: 
Puga, Antonio de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Puga, Antonio Favian de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Cornide, Diego (Asesor)
Persons: 
Andrew, Antonio (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Rodriguez Gallardo, Joseph Rafael (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Trascierra, Josef (Mulato)
Persons: 
Samora, Xavier
Persons: 
Rivera, Domingo
Persons: 
Troncoso, Francisco Ignacio (Alcalde)
Persons: 
Cerna, Joseph Vicente (Capitan)
Persons: 
Rios, Feliciano
Persons: 
Pachon, (Capitan)
Persons: 
Paz, Gregorio de la
Persons: 
Olvera, Christoval de
Persons: 
Pisana, Alejandro
Persons: 
Sesma, Miguel de (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Matta, Juan (Indio)
Persons: 
Soria, Salvador Manuel de (Indio)
Persons: 
Lucio, Juan (Indio)
Persons: 
Rio Frio (Poblador)
Persons: 
Cordova, Miguel de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Arroyo, Juan de
Persons: 
Masoni, Juan Josef (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Espinosa, Antonio de
Persons: 
Salazar, Francisco Xavier de (Fray)
Persons: 
Guardado (Indio)
Persons: 
Perchero, Francisco El (Indio)
Persons: 
Diaz, Thadeo
Persons: 
Cruz, Antonio de la (Indio)
Persons: 
Llata, Francisco de la (Administrador)
Persons: 
Moctesuma, Phelipe Miguel de
Persons: 
Ponce de Leon, Vicente
Persons: 
Roxo, Juan Antonio
Persons: 
Antonio Ricardo (Reo)
Persons: 
Lopez de Lara, Joseph
Persons: 
Izaguirre, Andres
Persons: 
Aguilar, Thomas de
Persons: 
Gallegos, Alejandro (Indio)
Persons: 
Fernandez, Joseph
Persons: 
Medrano, Isidro
Persons: 
Barberena, Juan Francisco (Capitan)
Persons: 
Bueno, Mariano
Persons: 
Baldurieso, Faustino
Persons: 
Zusarregui, Juan Maria de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Gallegos, Millan
Persons: 
Bernal, Joachin
Persons: 
Trevino, Marcelino
Persons: 
Hinojosa, Juan de
Persons: 
Sanchez Borrego, Joseph
Persons: 
Gonzalez Paredes, Pedro Josef
Persons: 
Vasquez Borrego, Josef (Capitan)
Persons: 
Alvarez, Nicolas (Capitan)
Persons: 
Rodriguez, Phelipe
Persons: 
Zepeda, Miguel de
Persons: 
Castro, Miguel de
Persons: 
Sanchez, Thomas (Capitan)
Persons: 
Vedoya, Pedro (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Fuentes, Luis de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Cornide y Savedra, Diego (Asesor)
Persons: 
Haro, Juan de
Persons: 
Ximenez, Basillo (Teniente)
Persons: 
Sandoval, Nicolas (Soldado)
Persons: 
Pisana, Alejandro (Sargento)
Persons: 
Olvera, Joseph Christoval
Persons: 
Ortiz, Thoribio
Persons: 
Bustillo, Juan Antonio (Almacenero)
Persons: 
Iglesias, Agustin de (Coronel)
Persons: 
Enriquez, Juan
Persons: 
Mendez, Xavier
Persons: 
Urias, Lorenzo Manuel de
Persons: 
Roque, Matheo
Persons: 
Garcia Mayoral, Pedro
Persons: 
Ortiz de Landasuri, Tomas
Persons: 
Areche, Jose Antonio de
Persons: 
Vlacarcel y Formento, Domingo
Persons: 
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra, Joseph de (Secretario)
Persons: 
Cacela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Villalpando, Joaquin de
Persons: 
Olvera, Catarina de
Persons: 
Zamora, Andres
Persons: 
Hidalgo, Lorenzo
Persons: 
Toro (Indio)
Places: 
Nuevo Santander
Places: 
Veracruz
Places: 
Gorda (Sierra)
Places: 
Queretaro (Ciudad)
Places: 
Yucatan (Provincia)
Places: 
Pacula (Mision)
Places: 
Fuenclara (Mision)
Places: 
Guadalupe (Mision)
Places: 
San Diego de Pachuca
Places: 
Xalpa
Places: 
Landa
Places: 
Filalo
Places: 
Fancolol
Places: 
Conca
Places: 
San Fernando
Places: 
San Nicolas
Places: 
La Divina Pastora
Places: 
Palmillas
Places: 
Jaumave
Places: 
Michoacan
Places: 
Tampico (Ciudad)
Places: 
Vizarron, Joseph (Poblacion)
Places: 
Penamillera (Poblacion)
Places: 
Herrera (Poblacion)
Places: 
Guadalcazar
Places: 
Valles (Villa)
Places: 
Panuco
Places: 
Nuevo Reyno de Leon
Places: 
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Places: 
San Antonio de los Llanos
Places: 
Flores (Llano)
Places: 
Cerralvo
Places: 
Leones, Voca de
Places: 
Rusias
Places: 
Sacramento (Presidio)
Places: 
Llera (Villa)
Places: 
Guemez
Places: 
Padilla
Places: 
Burgos
Places: 
Reynosa
Places: 
Altamira
Places: 
Camargo
Places: 
Infantes
Places: 
Santa Barbara
Places: 
Horcasitas
Places: 
Dolores
Places: 
Aguayo (Villa)
Places: 
Revilla
Places: 
Soto la Marina
Places: 
Escandon
Places: 
Hoyos
Places: 
Santillana
Places: 
Mier
Places: 
Borbon
Places: 
Verde (Rio)
Places: 
Santa Dorotea (Parajes)
Places: 
Balsameda (Villa)
Places: 
Tamaulipas
Places: 
Nueces (Potrero)
Places: 
Encinos (Paraje)
Places: 
Tetillas (Paraje)
Places: 
Tecosautla
Places: 
Cadereita (Villa)
Places: 
Pisona (Nacion)
Places: 
Aguas (Paraje)
Places: 
Laxa (Paraje)
Places: 
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (Colegio)
Places: 
Zacatecas
Places: 
Guadalaxara
Places: 
Misisipi (Rio)
Places: 
Sonora
Places: 
San Saba (Presidio)
Places: 
San Xavier (Rio)
Places: 
Igoyo (Mision)
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Nuevo Mexico
Places: 
Ruvoroso, Nuestra Senora de la Luz de (Mision)
Places: 
San Pedro
Places: 
Santa Rosa (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Juan Baptizta
Places: 
Cantaro (Paso)
Places: 
Guadalejo (Rio)
Places: 
Frio (Rio)
Places: 
Texas
Places: 
San Carlos
Places: 
Cruillas (Villa)
Places: 
Campeche
Places: 
San Joseph (Mina)
Places: 
San Nicolas de Bercebu (Mina)
Places: 
Metate
Ethnic Groups: 
Ingleses
Ethnic Groups: 
Pames
Ethnic Groups: 
Apostatas
Ethnic Groups: 
Pisones
Ethnic Groups: 
Chichimecos
Ethnic Groups: 
Mecos
Ethnic Groups: 
Cocos
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Taguacanas
Ethnic Groups: 
Janambres
Ethnic Groups: 
Vocas Prietas
Military Groups: 
Metate, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Cerralvo, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Voca de Leones, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Rusias, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Altamira, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Horcasitas, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Escandon, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Llera, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Padilla, Esquadra de Volante
Military Groups: 
Santander, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Soto la Marina, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
San Fernando, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Burgos, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Reynosa, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
San Carlos, Esquadra de
Military Groups: 
Guemez, Esquadra de
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 178 ff. 166-319
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 178 ff. 166-319
Language: 
Spanish
Reference Number: 
17800002
Rights: 
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