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Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.

Serial Number: 
041-03689
Title: 
Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.
Author(s): 
Sastre, Mateo
Author(s): 
Corvalan, Pedro
Author(s): 
Vildosola, Antonio de
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
11-30-1772
Date: 
01-08-1773
Documentation: 
November 30, 1772-January 8, 1773. 130p. Informe. Signed.
Summary: 
Concerns an entire range of mission activities as described by Sonoran leaders to viceroy. Contains many suggestions for administration of missions, mostly on treatment of Indians. Quotes original purpose of conquest as stated by Alexandro VI. expresses need for schools, the teaching of Castellano, written permission for traveling Indians, static position of priests, appointment of two priests in case of illness and even distribution of Spanish population. Discusses the punishment of Indians, prohibiting them from liquor, gambling and salary advances. Describes Indian life and agriculture, their crops, cattle and weavings. Priests want them to establish in towns accessible to church in homes of stone or Adobe which resist fire. Relates difficulties and distances in reaching jobs and transporting goods. States that each Indian should have a horse to hunt Javali with their zaetas and harpoons. Hiaquis are hardworking but basically very lazy so must be given fruitful labor and compensate accordingly to men, women and children over 10. Spanish should not be permitted to buy Indian homes or land. Suggests jobs which benefit others such as in mines. Concerns Indian obligation to church in terms of tribute, priests salary and community building. Asks tithes from Durango be passed to Sonora. Describes gold and silver adornments and wine supplies of some churches and destruction of others due to Zeris and Pimas. Description of trip made by Ganzes to know and convert Indians. Finally, while Indian foreman should be chosen to give priests more freedom, governors should be appointed not elected by Indians. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons: 
Sastre, Mateo
Persons: 
Corvalan, Pedro
Persons: 
Vildosola, Antonio de
Persons: 
Anza, Juan Baptista de
Persons: 
Lumbreras, Juan Jose
Persons: 
Urrea, Bernardo
Persons: 
Alexandro VI (Pontifice)
Persons: 
Fernando (Rey)
Persons: 
Isabella (Reina)
Persons: 
Gil de Bernabe, Juan Chrisostomo
Persons: 
Phelipe (Rey)
Persons: 
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Persons: 
Ganzes, Francisco (Fray)
Places: 
San Ignacio (Pueblo)
Places: 
Pimeria Alta
Places: 
Pimeria Baja
Places: 
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Places: 
Carriza, Jesus del (Mision)
Places: 
Puebla
Places: 
Michoacan
Places: 
San Miguel de Horcasitas (Presidio)
Places: 
San Antonio de la Huerta
Places: 
Ostimuri
Places: 
Sinaloa
Places: 
Durango
Places: 
Fronteras (Presidio)
Places: 
Tubac (Presidio)
Places: 
Papagueria
Places: 
Jila (Rio)
Places: 
Sonora
Places: 
San Francisco (Colegio)
Places: 
Santa Gertudis del Altar (Presidio)
Places: 
Bac, San Xavier del (Mision)
Places: 
Monterrey
Places: 
San Carlos de Buena Vista
Ethnic Groups: 
Hiaquis
Ethnic Groups: 
Opatas
Ethnic Groups: 
Endebes
Ethnic Groups: 
Pimas Altos
Ethnic Groups: 
Pimas Bajos
Ethnic Groups: 
Zeris
Ethnic Groups: 
Guaimas
Ethnic Groups: 
Papagos
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Sobaipunis
Ethnic Groups: 
Niforas
Ethnic Groups: 
Cocomaricopas
Ethnic Groups: 
Mestizos
Ethnic Groups: 
Negros
Ethnic Groups: 
Pardos
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Language: 
Spanish
Reference Number: 
15200006
Rights: 
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