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Testimonio de los autos, sobre la real cedula expedida enero 29, 1763 a cerca de la causa fromada den Nuevo Santander a Escandon.

Serial Number: 
041-03452
Title: 
Testimonio de los autos, sobre la real cedula expedida enero 29, 1763 a cerca de la causa fromada den Nuevo Santander a Escandon.
Author(s): 
Arecheo
Author(s): 
Valcarzel, Domingo
Author(s): 
Gorraez, Joseph de
Date: 
00-00-1714
Date: 
05-20-1775
Documentation: 
Mexico. January 9, 1773 - May 20, 1775. 334p. Decreto. Originals, signed, copies.
Summary: 
Summary of testimonies about Escandon's record in completing orders to pacify and reduce Indians and settle Nuevo Santander by officers and settlers and their charges against him. Funds spent, mistreatment of Indians, assassination of 5 capitans, use of Indians to work Escandon's land, build his Palace, and increase his wealth. Real cedula ordering pacification of Nuevo Santander delayed in its completion. Activities of Escandon include use of military funds, Indians reduction, founding of 14 settlements with population count of number and families and troops in each (f.8); plus 6 more settlements founded which were not in original budget of 115,000p. Complaint of not achieving increased agricultural production in spite of having fertile land, water; availability of minerals and salt. History of Escandon's earlier military record, reopening of missions. Problems resulting from drought. Espenses of military salaries and sinodos to missionaries. Annual costs in pacification process. Cost of settling 15 families from canary islands in Texas (ff.17). Organization of troops and distribution among settlements; distribution of lands. Difficulty of defending property under Indian hostilities. Complaint that Escandon's soldiers instead of gathering Indians together killed them inhumanely when they asked for peace. Murder by capitan trasieria and soldiers of slave and silversmith not punished or investigated by Escandon; Escandon named capitans and paid them salaries of 500p. (ff.33). Alvares' attempts at populating Rio Verde, movement of people, costs, problems with hostile Indians, mosquito plague (ff.56) order not to let Laredo capitan admit Apaches even though they offered peace (ff.57). Escandon prohibited commerce; payed soldiers in goods. Mining of silver without paying royal fifth (ff.63). Escandon has made few or no reducciones since 1746. List of 9 places on coast where Escandon says he has reduced total of 1,258 Indians and gives names of ethnic groups and number baptised in each location (ff.64). Service record of Escandon since he began service in Yucatan, distinguished service in Sierra Gorda as sargento mayor, teniente until 1746 (ff.68). Provides total inventory of livestock in 20 settlements. Movement of Escandon (Villa), Reynosa, and Burgos settlers to new Parajes (nuezes, Tetillas, Encinos). Molina reinstated as capitan; Barbara Resendi's complaints against Escandon (ff.83)(ff125). Charges against fray Garcia as being hipocrite receiving double salary (ff.91) description of reason for failure of mission for Cocos in San Saba due to murder of missionaries (ff.112). Apaches do not want to be reduced, only want peace and commerce with Spanish (ff.113). Even when they offer peace, Escandon gives them motives to be insolent. Murder at Rancheria of smallpox infected and other Indians by capitan went unpunished (ff.120). Massacre of Janambres on road to Horcasitas (ff 121). Paz not punished for murder of Indians (ff.122). Guevarra's murder of reduced Indians of mission of Santander unpunished. Cordova's mistreatment of Indians in Rio Frio (ff.124). Use of Indians Sihui, janambre as work force, Indian death due to hard labor (ff.125). Attempt to reduce Pames threatening to drive them to the coast. Indians paid 4p month plus rations for corn growing and also grew their own crops (ff.131). Escandon allowed people exemption from debts in order to populate settlements. Escandon's appointing as capitans convicted murder. Escandon refused to release Sanches Borriego who was involved in riot of Coahuila to Serma. Two destructions of Pizones' church in Santa Rossa and Taumave missions. Taking of Indian lands to give to Carmelita priests for 10 years. No payment of Diezmos for farmland; Diezmos payments of hollas, Mier, and Revilla. Escandon nor captain Vasques Borrego payed Diezmos for their large cattle haciendas. Gives cost of campaign against Indians of north and Apaches who attacked Taguacanas. Defense of Escandon's choice of capitans and families to populate settlement in that it is difficult to find cultivated people like those from the capital--they must come from the provinces. Description of Tanambre November 1754 destruction of mission Ruvoroso near Escandon; only 4 escaped including missionary. Complaint of Tanambres robbing, Murdering. Escandon captured tamambre rebles and sent them to Querataro prison. Tamambres and Tonases sent to Querataro as labors, servants and for convents. Marcos Molino's case in which he worked for Hidalgo for 15 years without payment. (ff.163) use of hard labor as punishment as well as death sentence. (L. L. Woodward, November 1988)
Persons: 
Pas, Gregorio de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Arecheo
Persons: 
Escandon, Joseph (Coronel)
Persons: 
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Persons: 
Croix, Marques de
Persons: 
Palacio, Juan Fernando (Mariscal de Campo)
Persons: 
Osario, Josef (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Cornide, Diego (Asesor General)
Persons: 
Hortiz de Landasuni, Thomas
Persons: 
Gorraes, Joseph de
Persons: 
Sarasa, Francisco
Persons: 
Guerrero de Ardila, Gabriel
Persons: 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Persons: 
Diaz, Feliciano (Cavo)
Persons: 
Barverena, Juan Francisco
Persons: 
Altamira, Marques de (Auditor de la Guerra)
Persons: 
Tienda de Cuervo, Joseph (Capitan)
Persons: 
Lopes, Augustin (Ingeniero)
Persons: 
Andreu, Antonio de (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Canesilla, Lazaro (Indio)
Persons: 
Iglecias, Augustin de (Coronel)
Persons: 
Rodriguez Gallando, Josef Rafael (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Garza, Blas Maria de la (Capitan)
Persons: 
Trasierra, Josef (Capitan)
Persons: 
Samora, Josef de
Persons: 
Rivero, Domingo (Platero)
Persons: 
Gerina, Joseph Vicente (Capitan)
Persons: 
Plata, Francisco de la
Persons: 
Gonzales Santianez, Vizente
Persons: 
Cerna (Capitan)
Persons: 
Pachon (Tanambre)(Capitan)
Persons: 
Urzaga, Domingo de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Mata, Juan de (Indio)
Persons: 
Sonia, Salvador Manuel (Vecino)
Persons: 
Lucia, Juan (Vecino)
Persons: 
Cordova, Miguel de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Baptista, Manuel (Pison)
Persons: 
Molina, Marcos (Pison)
Persons: 
Arroyo, Juan de
Persons: 
Escafadillo, Josef de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Penilla, Manuel de la
Persons: 
Medrano, Josef Frans Ysidro
Persons: 
Gallegos, Julian
Persons: 
Hidalgo, Lorenzo
Persons: 
Perchero, Francisco El (Meco)
Persons: 
Cruz, Antonio de la
Persons: 
Ponze de Leon, Vizente
Persons: 
Roxo, Juan Antonio (Capitan)
Persons: 
Escoltero, Antonio Ricardo
Persons: 
Lopes de Lara, Josef
Persons: 
Ysaguirre, Andres
Persons: 
Aguilar, Thomas de
Persons: 
Gallegos, Alexandro
Persons: 
Vertis y Ontanor, Juan Josef
Persons: 
Elguera Castillo, Antonio de la (Capitan)
Persons: 
Caxafuerte, Marques de
Persons: 
Vizarron y Equiarreta, Juan Antonio de
Persons: 
Urtiaga, Josef de
Persons: 
Malo de Villavisensio, Pedro
Persons: 
Villalpando, Joachin de
Persons: 
Trivino, Marcelino
Persons: 
Serma, Miguel de (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Basques Borrego, Josef (Capitan)
Persons: 
Sanchez, Thomas (Capitan)
Persons: 
Guerra, Vizente (Vecino)
Persons: 
Camara (Ingeniero)
Persons: 
Alvares, Nicolas (Capitan)
Persons: 
Amarillas, Marques de los
Persons: 
Rodrigues de Rivas, Diego
Persons: 
Fernandes de Tauregui, Josef Antonio
Persons: 
Hernandez, Francisco
Persons: 
Ladron de Guevara, Antonio
Persons: 
Soto Troncoso, Francisco de
Persons: 
Fuenclara, Conde de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Rivas, Diego (Obispo)
Persons: 
Siprian, Ignacio Antonio (Fray)
Persons: 
Puga, Antonio de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Velarde, Juan Antonio (Fiscal)
Persons: 
Resendi, Maria Barbara
Persons: 
Resendi, Maximiliano
Persons: 
Olvera, Catharina de
Persons: 
Pereda, Bernardo (Teniente Coronel)
Persons: 
Rivera Maldonado, Juan de (Capitan Comandante)
Persons: 
Villalva, Juan de (Capitan General)
Persons: 
Samora, Andres
Persons: 
Cruz, Salvador
Persons: 
Gutierres, Christoval
Persons: 
Galvez, Joseph
Persons: 
Garcia, Josef Joachin (Fray)
Persons: 
Blanco (Padre)
Persons: 
Aranda, Marques de
Persons: 
Troncoco, Francisco (Alcalde Mayor)
Persons: 
Pizana
Persons: 
Masoni, Juan Josef (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Espinoza, Antonio de (Doctor)
Persons: 
Salazar, Francisco Xavier de (Fray)
Persons: 
Peres, Bernardo
Persons: 
Llata, Francisco de la
Persons: 
Moctezuma, Felipe Miguel de
Persons: 
Mansilla
Persons: 
Valdivieso, Fuastino
Persons: 
Zusuarregui, Juan Maria de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Bernal, Juanchin
Persons: 
Hinojosa, Juan de
Persons: 
Gonzales Paredes, Pedro Joseph
Persons: 
Alvares, Nicolas
Persons: 
Alvares, Gregorio
Persons: 
Zepeda, Miguel de
Persons: 
Castro, Miguel de
Persons: 
Ximenez, Bacilio (Sargento)
Persons: 
Pozana, Alexandro (Sargento)
Persons: 
Olvera, Christoval Josef
Persons: 
Ortiz, Toribio
Persons: 
Mendez, Xavier
Persons: 
Henrrigues, Juan
Persons: 
Roque, Mateo
Persons: 
Casela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Valcarcel, Domingo
Persons: 
Bucareli (Baylio)
Persons: 
Garcia, Pedro
Persons: 
Bueno, Mariano
Persons: 
Sanches Barrego, Joseph
Persons: 
Aro, Juan de
Persons: 
Diaz, Thadeo
Persons: 
Samora, Xavier
Places: 
Hoyos (Villa)
Places: 
Queretaro (Ciudad)
Places: 
Nuevo Santander (Colonia)
Places: 
San Cristobal (Serro)
Places: 
Portugal (Colonia)
Places: 
Media Luna (Paraje)
Places: 
Veracruz (Ciudad)
Places: 
Rio Verde
Places: 
Soto la Marina
Places: 
Pacula
Places: 
Tampico (Barra)
Places: 
Fuenclara
Places: 
Espiritu Santo, Bahia de (Presidio)
Places: 
Guadalupe
Places: 
Sierra Gorda
Places: 
Pachuca, San Diego de
Places: 
Liera
Places: 
Xalpa
Places: 
Guemes
Places: 
Horcasitas
Places: 
Padilla
Places: 
Roca de Leones, San Pedro de (Real)
Places: 
Landa
Places: 
Tilaco
Places: 
Tancoyal
Places: 
Aguayo
Places: 
Conea
Places: 
Santander
Places: 
San Fernando (Villa)
Places: 
Camargo
Places: 
Burgos
Places: 
Santa Barbara
Places: 
Infantes (Real)
Places: 
Revilla
Places: 
Reynosa (Villa)
Places: 
Mier
Places: 
Laredo
Places: 
Borbon (Real)
Places: 
San Nicolas
Places: 
Palmillas, la Divina Pastora
Places: 
Taumave
Places: 
Michoacan
Places: 
Vizarron, San Joseph
Places: 
Pena Millera
Places: 
Herrera
Places: 
Canarias (Islas)
Places: 
Texas
Places: 
San Sava (Presidio)
Places: 
San Xavier (Rio)
Places: 
Sonora
Places: 
Santillana (Villa)
Places: 
Adaes (Presidio)
Places: 
Bejar, San Antonio (Presidio)
Places: 
Dolores, Nuestra Senora de los
Places: 
Nayarit
Places: 
Nuevo Mexico
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Californias
Places: 
Serralvo (Presidio)
Places: 
Valles (Villa)
Places: 
Panuco
Places: 
San Antonio (Rio)
Places: 
Nuezes (Rio)
Places: 
Musipi (Rio)
Places: 
Tontoyuca
Places: 
Tamaulipas
Places: 
San Juan Baptista
Places: 
Santa Rossa (Pueblo)
Places: 
Norte (Rio)
Places: 
Flores (Llano)
Places: 
Santa Dorotea (Paraje)
Places: 
Xamatan
Places: 
Rio Frio
Places: 
Guadalcazar
Places: 
Guayalejo
Places: 
San Carlos (Villa)
Places: 
Charcas
Places: 
Campeche
Places: 
Pozo (Hacienda)
Places: 
Dolores (Hacienda)
Places: 
Taumave, San Juan Baptista del (Mision)
Places: 
Guadalaxara
Places: 
Llanos, San Antonio de los (Pueblo)
Places: 
Cantaro, El Paso de
Places: 
Moros (Paraje)
Places: 
Grande (Rio)
Places: 
Tetillas
Places: 
Cruillas
Places: 
Zacatecas, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de (Colegio)
Places: 
Bersebu, San Nicolas de
Places: 
Tanaulipa, San Josef
Places: 
Croix (Villa)
Places: 
San Luis Potosi
Places: 
Matahuala
Places: 
Rio Blanco
Places: 
San Phelipe (Mision)
Places: 
Yucatan
Places: 
Conca
Places: 
San Nicolas la Divina Pastora
Places: 
Escandon (Villa)
Places: 
Balmaseda (Villa)
Places: 
Hermosillo
Places: 
Tecosautla
Places: 
Cay (Villa)
Places: 
Alcantara
Places: 
Calatrava
Places: 
Santiago
Places: 
Cerrelvo (Presidio)
Places: 
Misisipi (Rio)
Places: 
Taguacanas (Presidio)
Places: 
Ruvorosa, Nuestra Senora de la Luz de (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Fee
Places: 
Altamaria (Villa)
Places: 
Guaralejo (Rio)
Places: 
San Josef
Ethnic Groups: 
Bocas Prietas
Ethnic Groups: 
Tamaulipenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Malinchenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Olives
Ethnic Groups: 
Palahuegues
Ethnic Groups: 
Ingleses
Ethnic Groups: 
Mecos
Ethnic Groups: 
Chichimecos
Ethnic Groups: 
Pames
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Huastecos
Ethnic Groups: 
Panhuayes
Ethnic Groups: 
Tanambres
Ethnic Groups: 
Pizones
Ethnic Groups: 
Tonaces
Ethnic Groups: 
Sihuis
Ethnic Groups: 
Tlascaltecas
Ethnic Groups: 
Cocos
Military Groups: 
Queretaro, Reximiento Miliciano de
Military Groups: 
Cavallos de Encomenderos
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 138 ff. 001-167 exp. 3
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 138 ff. 001-167 exp. 3
Language: 
Spanish
Reference Number: 
13800003
Rights: 
To request a full text document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to Askddt@u.library.arizona.edu or phone 520-621-6438.