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Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.

Serial Number: 
041-03246
Title: 
Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.
Author(s): 
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Author(s): 
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Date: 
09-04-1787
Date: 
07-27-1788
Documentation: 
Paso del norte, Arispe. September 4, 1787 - July 27, 1788. 96p. Letters, tables. Originals, signed, copies. not been inspected for 21 years, 2) to determine cumanche- navajo-Spanish relations, and 3) to familiarize himself with the terrain prior to launching a military campaign. Reports to Ugarte y Loyola that all New Mexico troops are mobilized for action. Includes detailed diary of consequent campaign around Santa Fe in October 1787. Santa Fe campaign military force composed of presidial troops and cumanche and Apache xicarilla auxiliaries. Details include distance traveled, reports of scouting activities, geographical and weather details, and tabular breakdown of force into four divisions, listing commander, station, and force size. Rengel blames slowness of March on insubordination and unruliness of indian auxiliaries; virrey responds, suggesting exclusion of auxiliaries from main campaigns. Includes description of landmarks along route, information on jacales settlement patterns, high accuracy of niera's (?) Map, construction of bridge to cross Colorado river, battle tactics of reconnaissance and night attack, and peacefulness of cumanches. More specific campaign details are recorded in a division by division report. Virrey flores responds, encouraging more action and less writing. Ugarte y Loyola also reports events of Cordero's and bergara's troops in Nueva Vizcaya campaign (October 1787-mar 1788). Table illustrates organization of force into four divisions, showing locations and force size for each division. Each division presents account of indian hostilities and a report of military actions taken. Indian hostilities include general theft (horses, cattle, mules, burros, and oxen), murders, assaults on mule trains, corpse stripping, kidnappings, abductions, and massacre of mescales. Reports falseness of Apache and mescalero peace proposals, how indians bribe vecinos to spy on military cavalry movements and report these maneuvers to indians, indian custom of collecting ears of killed enemies, and indian ambush of officials attempting to track indians in mountains. Includes summary tables of indian hostilities and military combat statistics by indian group, province, and division. Provinces included are Sonora, Nueva Vizcaya, New Mexico, Coahuila, Texas in 1787. explains meaning of term gileno as one type of chiricagui. Gileno is also an umbrella term for mimbrenos and Apaches in western part of Nueva Vizcaya. Gilenos cited as worst enemies, feared by Spanish and indians alike. Progress toward indian pacification is reported. Describes how mescalero nation was ordered by capitancillos to move to Santa Rosa. With mescalero peace in Nueva Vizcaya established, emphasis on pacification shifts to Coahuila. Military maneuvers described. Spanish use both indians and Spanish for reconnaissance activities. Detailed description of bergara's, Cordero's and others' forces milpa destruction (corn, tobacco, frijoles, calabasa), rancheria assaults, killing of Apache guide by Volunteers. Limited success in tracking and animal recovery blamed on snow, tired horses. Virrey flores praises bergara's zeal. (S. Gibbs, February 1988)
Persons: 
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Persons: 
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Persons: 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Persons: 
Borica, Diego de (Comandante)
Persons: 
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Persons: 
Mares, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Persons: 
Martinez, Francisco (Coronel)
Persons: 
Martinez, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Persons: 
Equeracapa (General)
Persons: 
Delegado, Manuel (Comandante)(Capitan Graduado)
Persons: 
Aramburu, Blas de (Segundo Teniente)
Persons: 
Guerrero, Antonio (Alferez Segundo)
Persons: 
Niera (?), Bernardo de
Persons: 
Anza, Juan Bautista de (Coronel)
Persons: 
Arce, Juan Antonio de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Alegre (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Persons: 
Asquiesiya (Capitancillo)
Persons: 
Aribechi
Persons: 
Anchondo, Aniseto (Vecino)
Persons: 
Aysose (Capitan Chiricagui)
Persons: 
Bencomo, Jose (Teniente de Milicias)
Persons: 
Bergara, Domingo (Capitan)
Persons: 
Vergara, Domingo (Alferez)
Persons: 
Barrios, Francisco
Persons: 
Bohorquez, Francisco (Alferez)
Persons: 
Bergara, Domingo (Comandante Interino)
Persons: 
Brena, Manuel Francisco de la (Capitan)
Persons: 
Borundo, Pantaleon (Vecino)
Persons: 
Batueca (Sierra)
Persons: 
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Cordero, Antonio (Capitan)
Persons: 
Crespo, Francisco (Inspector)
Persons: 
Carrasco, Jose Manuel (Teniente)
Persons: 
Juan (Indio Chirigagui)
Persons: 
Cuno (?), Verde (Capitancillo)
Persons: 
Carlos (General Navajo)
Persons: 
Cabello, Domingo (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Elguerabal, Juan Bautista (Capitan)
Persons: 
Espinosa, Andres de (Alferez)
Persons: 
Espiritu (Indio Apache)
Persons: 
Echergaray, Manuel de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Fato, Joseph Maria (Alferez)
Persons: 
Farin, Nicolas (Sargento)
Persons: 
Herrera y Ribero, Vicente (Regente Capitan General)
Persons: 
Garrido y Duran, Pedro
Persons: 
Juarez, Juan (Teniente)
Persons: 
Jacupeto
Persons: 
Madrid, Pedro (Soldado)
Persons: 
Maynez, Alberto
Persons: 
Monterablanca (Capitancillo)
Persons: 
Mata Binolas, Pedro de (Teniente)
Persons: 
Maynez, Alberto (Teniente Gobernador)
Persons: 
Marrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Persons: 
Munoz (?) Pacheco, Rafael (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Narrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Persons: 
Olguin, Juan (Sarjento)
Persons: 
Ojos Colorados (Capitancillo Apache)
Persons: 
Onozato de Rivera, Juan (Alcalde Mayor)
Persons: 
Ochoa, Josef Manuel de (Teniente)
Persons: 
Pinto, Antonio de
Persons: 
Peru, Joaquin (Alferez)
Persons: 
Quemado (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Persons: 
Romero, Pablo (Capitan Interino)
Persons: 
Saenz, Rico Joseph (Capitan)
Persons: 
Sales Bohorguez, Francisco de (Alferez)
Persons: 
Saenz, Antonio (Vecion)
Persons: 
Salinas, Miguel
Persons: 
Tovar, Jose Maria (Capitan)
Persons: 
Taranco, Tomas (Vecino)
Persons: 
Taranco, Cayetano (Vecino)
Persons: 
Ugalde, Juan de (Coronel)
Persons: 
Vranga, Salvador de (Capitan)
Persons: 
Vigotes El Bermejo (Capitancillo)
Persons: 
Villaescusa, Pedro Sebastian (Teniente)
Persons: 
Yagonfli (Capitan)
Persons: 
Galvez, Conde de
Persons: 
Chiquito (Capitan)
Persons: 
Galinas, Miguel (Soldado)
Persons: 
Antel (Indio)
Persons: 
Merinoz, Manuel
Persons: 
Guizanotegui, Francisco
Places: 
Nuevo Mexico (Provincia)
Places: 
San Buenaventura (Valle)
Places: 
San Buenaventura (Presidio)
Places: 
Nueva Vizcaya
Places: 
Elceario (Presidio)
Places: 
Santa Fe (Villa)
Places: 
Moqui (Provincia)
Places: 
Laguna (Pueblo)
Places: 
Laguna (Rio)
Places: 
Santo Domingo (Pueblo)
Places: 
Pajarito (Poblacion)
Places: 
Pajarito (Sierra)
Places: 
Ysleta (Pueblo)
Places: 
Puerco (Rio)
Places: 
Alamo (Aguaje)
Places: 
Quelites (Paraje)
Places: 
Loma del Yeso (Paraje)
Places: 
Zuni (Pueblo)
Places: 
Zuni (Canon)
Places: 
Zuni (Sierra)
Places: 
Zuni (Ojo)
Places: 
Acomas (Pueblo)
Places: 
Sandia (Jurisdiccion)
Places: 
Alburquerque
Places: 
Canada (Jurisdiccion)
Places: 
Gallina (Ojo)
Places: 
Chihuahua (Villa)
Places: 
Gallo (Ojo)
Places: 
Ojo Caliente
Places: 
Grullas (Paraje)
Places: 
Gruollas (Ojo)
Places: 
Colorado (Rio)
Places: 
Noya (Rio)
Places: 
Moqui (Mesa)
Places: 
Moqui (Provincia)
Places: 
San Francisco (Rio)
Places: 
Carrizal (Presidio)
Places: 
Sierra (Canon)
Places: 
Sabinal
Places: 
Paso (Pueblo)
Places: 
San Carlos (Poblacion)
Places: 
San Carlos (Presidio)
Places: 
Napeste (Rio)
Places: 
Santa Isabel (Paraje)
Places: 
Texas (Provincia)
Places: 
Mimbres (Sierra)
Places: 
Blanca (Sierra)
Places: 
Sonora (Provincia)
Places: 
Gila (Rio)
Places: 
Gila (Sierra)
Places: 
Torreon (Hacienda)
Places: 
Arados (Sierra)
Places: 
Buenavista
Places: 
Saliere (Paraje)
Places: 
Noria (Paraje)
Places: 
Vallecillo (Paraje)
Places: 
Mapula (Sierra)
Places: 
Janos
Places: 
Janos (Presidio)
Places: 
Carmen (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Geronimo (Sierra)
Places: 
San Geronimo
Places: 
Norreno (Sierra)
Places: 
Ormigas (Sierra)
Places: 
Pino (Sierra)
Places: 
Aguanueba (Sierra)
Places: 
Terrenaste (Sierra)
Places: 
Encinillas (Sierra)
Places: 
Cosiguriachic (Real)
Places: 
Arispe
Places: 
Namiquipa
Places: 
Pilar de Conchos
Places: 
Guaxohuilla
Places: 
Guajuguilla
Places: 
Norte (Presidio)
Places: 
Paso del Norte (Pueblo)
Places: 
Temosachi (Pueblo)
Places: 
Fresno (Canada)
Places: 
Pena Blanca (Paraje)
Places: 
Rio Florido (Hacienda)
Places: 
Florido (Rio)
Places: 
Florida (Sierra)
Places: 
Buenavista (Hacienda)
Places: 
Pelayo (Cueva)
Places: 
San Miguel (Sierras)
Places: 
Cathaluna
Places: 
Cerrogrande
Places: 
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Places: 
Salinas (Sierra)
Places: 
Socorro (Pueblo)
Places: 
Coahuila (Provincia)
Places: 
Patule (Rancheria)
Places: 
Quemado (Rancheria)
Places: 
Julimes (Pueblo)
Places: 
Julimes (Presidio)
Places: 
Julimes (Inmediacion)
Places: 
Chizos (Paso)
Places: 
San Vicente (Presidio)
Places: 
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Places: 
Santa Ritta (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Josef
Places: 
Ramada (Hacienda)
Places: 
Sal (Sierra)
Places: 
Erreras, Santa Cruz de (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Esteban
Places: 
Toro, Aijadero de la Mimbrera (Aguaje)
Places: 
Horta, San Salvador de (Canon)
Places: 
Banos (Hacienda)
Places: 
Alegre (Rancheria)
Places: 
Bolante (Rancheria)
Places: 
Tebosadero (Sierra)
Places: 
Barrigon (Sierra)
Places: 
Gollega(?) (Sierra)
Places: 
Sacramento (Sierra)
Places: 
Nigotes (Rancheria)
Places: 
Blanca (Montrera)
Places: 
Tucson
Places: 
Tucson (Presidio)
Places: 
Santa Teresa (Sierra)
Places: 
Opodepe
Places: 
Carcag (Sierra)
Places: 
Carcay (Sierra)
Places: 
Alisos (Canada)
Places: 
Pitaycach
Places: 
Carretas
Places: 
Carretas (Sierra)
Places: 
Animas
Places: 
Animas (Sierra)
Places: 
Acha (Sierra)
Places: 
Hacha (Sierra)
Places: 
Picacho de las Mimbres
Places: 
Picacho de las Mimbres (Sierra)
Places: 
Mimbres (Sierra)
Places: 
Cobre
Places: 
Cobre (Sierra)
Places: 
Santa Lucia
Places: 
San Bernardino
Places: 
Mulas (Puerto)
Places: 
Conejos (Puerto)
Places: 
Batuco (Pueblo)
Places: 
Bacamuchi (Hacienda)
Places: 
Bacanuchi
Places: 
Chiganotje
Places: 
Trinidad (Real)
Places: 
Bacoachi
Places: 
Fronteras (Presidio)
Places: 
Bavispe (Presidio)
Places: 
Bavispe
Places: 
Tupson (Presidio)
Places: 
Paic (Presidio)
Places: 
Nombre de Dios
Places: 
Babonoyaba
Places: 
Santa Rosalia (Pueblito)
Places: 
Sestin (Hacienda)
Places: 
Tierra Blanca (Rancho)
Places: 
San Juan del Rio (Alcaldia)
Places: 
Iglesia (Rancheria)
Places: 
Oro (Real)
Places: 
Ynde, San Juan Bautista de (Real)
Places: 
Ormigas (Sierra)
Places: 
Ojo de los Nogales
Places: 
Texas (Provincia)
Places: 
Nacameri (Pueblo)
Places: 
Cumpas (Pueblo)
Places: 
Tepache (Pueblo)
Places: 
Pibipa (Pueblo)
Places: 
Guazabos (Pueblo)
Places: 
Yecora (Inmediaciones)
Places: 
Pimas (Playa)
Places: 
Oho de la Cananea
Places: 
Hueco (Cerro)
Places: 
Ayre (Sierra)
Places: 
Principe (Presidio)
Places: 
Cerrogordo, San Carlos de (Presidio)
Places: 
Cuesta Blanca (Paraje)
Places: 
Astillero
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
Places: 
San Diego (Valle)
Places: 
Palotada (Arroyo)
Places: 
Altar
Places: 
Pitic
Places: 
Temechuac (Cordillera)
Places: 
Teseachi, San Pablo de Sierra Madre
Places: 
Bachimba
Places: 
Piojo
Places: 
Napavechi
Places: 
Copetes (Sierra)
Places: 
San Borja (Cordillera)
Places: 
Joya (Cordillera)
Places: 
Carmona (Cueva)
Places: 
Silla (Sierra)
Places: 
Mapula (Sierra)
Places: 
Casas Grandes
Places: 
San Diego (Valle)
Places: 
San Diego
Places: 
San Miguel (Valle)
Places: 
Cologachi
Places: 
Bachiniba
Places: 
San Lorenzo
Places: 
Baricora
Places: 
Coyotillos
Places: 
San Pedro (Rio)
Places: 
San Xavier (Rio)
Places: 
Tero Rosillo
Places: 
Quartel de Conchos
Places: 
Capulin (Sierra)
Places: 
Escondida (Sierra)
Places: 
Niriz
Places: 
Arados (Sierra)
Places: 
Colorado (Cerro)
Places: 
Metates (Sierra)
Places: 
Terrenate (Creston)
Places: 
Maxalca (Cordillera)
Places: 
Burras (Canon)
Places: 
Santa Eulalia (Real)
Places: 
Santa Eulalia (Sierra)
Places: 
Muerto
Places: 
Santa Cruz (Sierra)
Places: 
San Lucas
Places: 
Tularillo
Places: 
Barajas (Sierra)
Places: 
Chiricahui
Places: 
Satebo
Ethnic Groups: 
Salineros
Ethnic Groups: 
Opatas
Ethnic Groups: 
Gilenos Orientales
Ethnic Groups: 
Natajees
Ethnic Groups: 
Lipanes
Ethnic Groups: 
Carancahuases
Ethnic Groups: 
Simariones
Ethnic Groups: 
Pimas
Ethnic Groups: 
Cumanches
Ethnic Groups: 
Comanches
Ethnic Groups: 
Nabajos
Ethnic Groups: 
Navajos
Ethnic Groups: 
Mescaleros
Ethnic Groups: 
Gilenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Mimbrenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches Xicarillas
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches Gilenos
Ethnic Groups: 
Cazadores
Ethnic Groups: 
Jacales
Ethnic Groups: 
Yutas
Ethnic Groups: 
Mescaleros
Ethnic Groups: 
Taraumares
Ethnic Groups: 
Yaquis
Ethnic Groups: 
Chiricaguis
Ethnic Groups: 
Yamparicas
Military Groups: 
Santa Fe, Tropa de
Military Groups: 
San Elceario, Compania de
Military Groups: 
Janos, Primera Division de
Military Groups: 
Namiquipa, Segunda Compania Volante de
Military Groups: 
Guaxuguilla, Primera Compania Volante de
Military Groups: 
Pilar de Conchos, Tercera Compania Volante de
Military Groups: 
Corral de Piedras, destacamento de
Military Groups: 
Cathaluna, Compania de Voluntarios de
Military Groups: 
Paic, Partida del Tropa de
Military Groups: 
San Geronimo, Quarta Compania Volante de
Military Groups: 
Altar, Dotacion de
Military Groups: 
Tupson, Dotacion de
Military Groups: 
Pitic, Dotacion de
Military Groups: 
Buenavista, Dotacion de
Military Groups: 
Bacoachic, Compania de Pimas y Opatas
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2, 3
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Ff 274v-275, 313v-314 repeated once.
Reference Number: 
12800004
Rights: 
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