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Letters between Galvez, Ugalde, and Ugarte concerning military campaigns against Cohahuila's Indians.

Serial Number: 
041-02966
Title: 
Letters between Galvez, Ugalde, and Ugarte concerning military campaigns against Cohahuila's Indians.
Author(s): 
Galvez, Conde de (Virrey)
Author(s): 
Ugalde, Juan de (Coronel)
Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
00-00-1777
Date: 
10-10-1787
Documentation: 
Patos. October 11, 1786. 148p. Letters. Original. Signed. Copies.
Summary: 
Series of documents dealing with Ugalde's military campaigns against Mescaleros, Comanches, Lipanes, and Lipiyanes in Coahuila. Discussion of Ugalde's arrival to Coahuila and his survey of the area in preparation for his campaign; he is informed of combats with Comanches, and there is a good description of the military tactics employed by the Indians; there is also reference to trade between soldiers and Comanches after battle. Ugalde sends detailed diary of his campaigns to viceroy. Lists number of soldiers employed, as well as the number and types of weapons used in the expedition; clothing of Indian auxiliaries are described, as well as amount and type of food required by soldiers and Indian auxiliaries; there is good discussion of the mass given before departure of troops, as well as the use of an effigy of the virgin of Guadalupe in order to receive divine assistance. Ugalde also informs of problems associated with lack of water and death of many horses. He gives a good description of the area referring to the many rivers, lakes, aguajes, and mountains encountered in his path. Includes summary of all Indians that were killed, injured, and taken captives, and of all tribes that sought peace. He complains many Mescaleros fled to presidio del norte where they were given refuge, and that this diminishes to some extent, all the gains made in the campaign. In other letters the viceroy approves of Ugalde's actions and requests more cooperation between Ugarte and Ugalde. (J. Tapia, October, 1987)
Persons: 
Ugalde, Juan (Coronel)
Persons: 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Persons: 
Rengel, Joseph (Comandante Inspector)
Persons: 
Galvez, Conde de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Menchaca, Jose (Teniente)
Persons: 
Fueros, Pedro (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Fierro, Camisa de (Caudillo Comanche)
Persons: 
Nunez de Haro y Peralta, Alonso (Virrey)
Persons: 
Croix, Cavallero de (Comandante)
Persons: 
Montero, Jose (Capitan Retirado)
Persons: 
Cortes, Juan (Teniente)
Persons: 
Diaz de Bustamante, Ramon (Teniente)
Persons: 
Ramon, Juan Ignacio (Teniente)
Persons: 
Pugas, Antonio (Teniente)
Persons: 
Castro, Joaquin de (Sub-Teniente)
Persons: 
Moral, Jose Miguel (Sub-Teniente)
Persons: 
Uro, Alexandro (Sub- Teniente)
Persons: 
Pattule (Capitan Indio)
Persons: 
Urrutia, Pedro de (Teniente)
Persons: 
Lozano, Andres (Padre)
Persons: 
Jus-Datesye (Capitan Cende)
Persons: 
Bautista, Juan Elquezabal (Comandante)
Persons: 
Munarriz, Antonio (Capitan)
Persons: 
Munoz, Manuel (Teniente Coronel)
Persons: 
Picagrande (Indio)
Persons: 
Quemado (Mescalero)
Persons: 
Alonso (Mescalero)
Persons: 
Ravago, Jose de
Places: 
Patos (Hacienda)
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Places: 
Saltillo
Places: 
San Fernando (Villa)
Places: 
Agua Verde (Presidio)
Places: 
Arenales
Places: 
Monclova
Places: 
Rio Grande
Places: 
Bavia
Places: 
San Antonio (Rio)
Places: 
Fierro (Rio)
Places: 
Bexar, San Antonio de
Places: 
Texas
Places: 
Puerco (Rio)
Places: 
Pisota (Paraje)
Places: 
Leon, Nuevo Reyno de
Places: 
Nuevo Santander
Places: 
Savana Grande
Places: 
Zedros
Places: 
Norte (Presidio)
Places: 
Grunidora
Places: 
Saboya
Places: 
Piamonte
Places: 
Ytalia
Places: 
Francia
Places: 
Genova
Places: 
Africa
Places: 
Portugal
Places: 
Parras (Laguna)
Places: 
Guadalaxara
Places: 
Laredo
Places: 
Monterrey
Places: 
Alamo
Places: 
Anaelo
Places: 
Alameda (Aguaje)
Places: 
Zacate Enxalma (Aguaje)
Places: 
Carrizalero (Aguaje)
Places: 
Capuli (Aguaje)
Places: 
La Aura (Aguaje)
Places: 
San Mathias (Aguaje)
Places: 
las Monas (Aguaje)
Places: 
Santa Ana (Canon)
Places: 
Sardinas (Hacienda)
Places: 
Bibiendas Altas (Aguajes)
Places: 
Colorado (Cerro)
Places: 
Cuatro Cienegas (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Antonio Ocatita la Grande
Places: 
Chizos (Paso)
Places: 
San Vicente (Presidio Abandonado)
Places: 
San Carlos (Presidio)
Places: 
Mobano (Sierra)
Places: 
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Places: 
Picota (Paraje)
Places: 
San Pedro (Rio)
Places: 
Carmen (Sierra)
Places: 
Rosas (Potrero)
Places: 
Santo Domingo (Potrero)
Places: 
Calavernas (Valle)
Places: 
Santa Catalina
Places: 
Soledad
Places: 
Remedios (Aguaje)
Places: 
Baxan (Aguaje)
Places: 
Sovaco (Aguaje)
Places: 
Santiago (Cerro)
Places: 
Tagualilo (Cerro)
Places: 
Guajoquilla (Laguna)
Places: 
Barelas, San Jose de los (Ramada)
Places: 
Sal Si Puedes (Ramada)
Places: 
Moxada (Sierra)
Places: 
Altares (Paraje)
Places: 
Concepcion (Aguaje)
Places: 
Osamenta (Aguaje)
Places: 
Tarayes (Aguaje)
Places: 
Leche (Laguna)
Places: 
El Viento (Tinaja)
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Aguaje)
Places: 
Socorro (Aguaje)
Places: 
Santa Maria (Aguaje)
Places: 
Dolores (Aguaje)
Places: 
San Lorenzo (Hacienda)
Places: 
Aguacaliente
Places: 
Garnica (Cienega)
Places: 
Florido (Rio)
Places: 
Pendencia (Aguaje)
Places: 
San Jacinto (Cienega)
Places: 
Janos (Presidio)
Places: 
San Sava
Places: 
Californias (Golfo)
Places: 
Milpitas (Arroyo)
Places: 
Guadalupe (Potrero)
Places: 
Pena Blanca (Aguaje)
Places: 
Arroyo Largo (Aguaje)
Places: 
Burro (Aguaje)
Places: 
Escondida (Aguaje)
Places: 
San Jose (Aguaje)
Places: 
Molato (Aguaje)
Places: 
Savinas (Rio)
Places: 
Las Rositas
Places: 
Morteritos (Paraje)
Places: 
Pino (Sierra)
Places: 
Mapimi, Bolson de
Places: 
Corterias
Places: 
Mula
Places: 
Mazapil
Places: 
Cerrogordo
Places: 
Zacatecas
Places: 
Altares (Aguaje)
Places: 
Magdalena
Ethnic Groups: 
Mescaleros
Ethnic Groups: 
Lipiyanes
Ethnic Groups: 
Lipanes
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Comanches
Ethnic Groups: 
Cendes
Ethnic Groups: 
Gilenos
Military Groups: 
Coahuila, Tropa de
Military Groups: 
Saltillo, Compania Volante de
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 112 ff. 367-442
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 112 ff. 367-442
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Duplication; ff. 0368-0381 are copies of original letters that follow; ff. 0390-0492 letters without copies.
Reference Number: 
11200012
Rights: 
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