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Testimonial report assembled by governor of Durango on vagrant and idle Indians of Nueva Vizcaya and Sonora

Serial Number: 
041-01666
Title: 
Testimonial report assembled by governor of Durango on vagrant and idle Indians of Nueva Vizcaya and Sonora
Author(s): 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Author(s): 
Neve, Phelipe (Comandante General)
Author(s): 
Galvez, Jose
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
10-31-1746
Date: 
10-13-1789
Documentation: 
Arizpe, Prado, Durango, Mexico, Chihuahua. October 1, 1746, - October 13, 1789. 54p. Letter, informe. Copy
Summary: 
Report made up of group of letters concerning vagrancy problems on northern frontier; includes notes on Indian attacks; need for Indian labor in mines and haciendas; payment to Indians in Inferior goods; use of Penal labor; reluctance of some Indians to work as day-laborers; visit of Galvez; legal actions of Galvez, Corbalan and others on pay; Croix's inspection; raids on various settlements; types of labor involving Indians (charcoal making; cultivation; Adobe making; mine drain construction; firewood and lumber cutting; livestock tending; Mule train servants; ore processing; and various mechanical arts); dangerous alliance of local Indians with Apaches; economic crisis that results from lack of sufficient Indian labor; problem of local Indian community demands on labor force; limited value of Indians in mines; seasonality of Indian labor demands; role of mulatos in mines; fugitive Yaquis in mining towns; ff. 348-355 includes copy of points 5-10 of Neve's general report of 1783; he finds explanation of rise in banditry in unfair use of forced Indian labor; he sets limitations on coroporal punishment in mission settlements (for example - six lashes for missing mass); he considers other matters involving civil justice; notes many of bandit's crimes falsely attributed to Apaches; use of presidio labor in new presidio constructions; ff 357-361 - Ugarte grants various rights to Indians of Pueblo of Santa Maria (4 December, 1787); this includes coverage of forced labor; payment in goods and cash; reviews earlier Indian labor policy; describes poverty and hunger of Indian day laborers; lack of spiritual guidance; locations of labor; character of culture change; importance of cheap Indian labor to economy, and failure of administrators to solve problems of Indian abuse become clear in this report. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons: 
Merino, Manuel
Persons: 
Galvez, Conde de
Persons: 
Barri, Phelipe (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Persons: 
Fernandez Cordova
Persons: 
Sonora (Marques)
Persons: 
Arochi (Licenciado)
Persons: 
Corbalan, Pedro (Yntendente de Exercito)
Persons: 
Diaz, Domingo
Persons: 
Garcia de Herrera, Ygnacio (Capitan, Ayudante Mayor, Corregidor)
Persons: 
Zavalla, Juan Antonio (Capitan)
Persons: 
Greipo de Llanos
Persons: 
Duro, Francisco
Persons: 
Garcia Valdes, Francisco Yrine (Bachiller)(Presbriero Dueno)
Persons: 
Mala Orejas, Joseph (Sirvente)
Persons: 
Diaz de Ortega, Phelipe
Persons: 
Roche, Luis (Alcalde Mayor)
Persons: 
Rodriguez, Manuel (Alcalde Mayor)
Persons: 
Neve, Phelipe (Comandante General)
Persons: 
Croix, Teodoro
Persons: 
Galvez, Joseph
Persons: 
Sandoval, Joseph
Persons: 
Huemes Orcasitas, Francisco (Virrey)
Persons: 
Cruillas, Marques de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Aguero, Joseph Carlos (Secretario de Gobierno de Guerra)
Persons: 
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio
Persons: 
Fernandez Zea, Gregorio
Persons: 
Arespacochaga, Juan Joseph
Persons: 
Bonilla, Antonio
Persons: 
Garcia Villegas, Manuel
Persons: 
Illares de Val, Francisco Antonio
Persons: 
Rubio, Jaquin
Persons: 
Puerta, Juan Francisco
Persons: 
Pamplona, Pedro Thomas (Bachiller, Cura)
Persons: 
Valenzuela
Places: 
Cuevas, Santa Maria (Pueblo)
Places: 
Cerro Prieto
Places: 
Temaychic
Places: 
Basuchilis
Places: 
Tamasula
Places: 
Cianori
Places: 
Arizpe
Places: 
Guadalajara
Places: 
San Buenaventura
Places: 
Batolipas
Places: 
Papigochic
Places: 
Matachic
Places: 
Carichic (Mision)
Places: 
Baquiachic (Mision)
Places: 
Sisoguichic (Mision)
Places: 
Olivos, Cienega de los
Places: 
San Tamaron
Places: 
San Lorenzo (Pueblo)
Places: 
San Borja (Mision)
Places: 
Mezquital, San Francisco
Places: 
San Bartholome (Valle)
Places: 
Parral, San Josef
Places: 
Mapimi, Santiago (Real)
Places: 
Olivos (Cienega)
Places: 
Basis (Real)
Places: 
Cianori
Places: 
Canelas
Places: 
Cosiguriachic, Santa Rosa
Places: 
Merced del Oro (Real)
Places: 
Sonora
Places: 
Texas
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Nueva Vizcaya
Places: 
Durango
Places: 
Papasquiaro, Santiago
Places: 
Topago (Real)
Places: 
Alamos (Real)
Places: 
Sinaloa
Places: 
San Andres
Places: 
Chiguagua
Places: 
Francisco Duro (Hacienda)
Places: 
Carmen, Nuestro Senora del (Hacienda)
Places: 
Encinillas (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Antonio (Rancho)
Places: 
Santa Eulalia (Real)
Places: 
Chihuahua (Villa)
Places: 
Navacoyan (Labor)
Places: 
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Places: 
Corral de Piedra (Hacienda)
Places: 
Cienega, San Joseph
Places: 
Zarca (Hacienda)
Places: 
San Ygnacio (Alcaldia)
Places: 
Banajas (Sierras)
Places: 
Sierra Madre
Places: 
Cianori
Places: 
San Juan (Rio)
Places: 
Santa Barbara
Places: 
San Salvador
Places: 
Prado
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Mexicanos
Ethnic Groups: 
Taraumares
Ethnic Groups: 
Mulatos
Ethnic Groups: 
Hiaquis
Ethnic Groups: 
Camarcanos
Ethnic Groups: 
Libres
Ethnic Groups: 
Negros
Ethnic Groups: 
Zambigos
Ethnic Groups: 
Mestizos Queretaro
Military Groups: 
Dragones Provinciales del Principe
Military Groups: 
Queretaro, Provincial Cavalleria de Dragones Provinciales del Principe
Military Groups: 
Provincial Cavalleria de
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 328-381
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 328-381
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Many documents included are certified copies of 4 December 1787 by manuel medino, ff. 328, 380, 381 title pages, some ff. Illegible, roll 1 ends on ff 338, roll 2 preceeds it on this reel, and is both upside down and backwards.
Reference Number: 
6900020
Rights: 
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