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Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels

Serial Number: 
041-01055
Title: 
Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels
Author(s): 
Fayni, Josef
Author(s): 
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Author(s): 
Xinaga, Domingo
Author(s): 
Balenzuelas, Francisco Xavier
Date: 
11-29-1772
Date: 
07-13-1773
Documentation: 
Durango/Mexico/Santiago de Papasquiaro/Valle de San Bartolome. November 29, 1772 - July 13, 1773. 30p. Letter, draft, circular letter. Original, signed
Summary: 
Concerns military problems caused by a force of rebels made up of Apostate Indians and renegades menacing Valle de San Bartholome; includes many interesting details on rebels use of spies; size and organization of their forces (more than 1700 men); ethnic composition and origins of members of their group; their leader (Calaxtrin);their tactics and strategy; their capture and conversion of other Tarahumar Indians, including women; their arms and equipment; importance of criminals in the group; their use of Peyote to persuade captives to join rebellion; rebel bases in mountains; their use of captured livestock for meat; their commerce with barbarian Indians for arrows and hides; use of auxiliaries against rebels; population losses resulting from rebel raids; an exploration of rebels home in San Francisco mountains by balenzeula; recent presidio transfers and resulting strategic situation; recognition that rebel Tarahumaras are a serious threat to province; and viceroy's insistence on importance of new presidio line. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons: 
Fayni, Josef (Theniente Coronel)
Persons: 
Xinaga, Domingo (Alcalde Mayor de Valle de San Bartholome)
Persons: 
Balensuela, Francisco Xavier
Persons: 
Antonio(?)
Persons: 
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Frey)
Persons: 
O'Conor, Hugo (Theniente)
Persons: 
Campa, Antonio
Persons: 
Calaxtrin
Persons: 
Canastrin (Caudillo de las Tropas de los Rebeldes)
Persons: 
Camacho, Pedro Alonso
Places: 
Canutillo
Places: 
San Bartholome (Valle)
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
Places: 
Almoloya (Sierra)
Places: 
Agustin (Estancia)
Places: 
Balzequillo (Hacienda)
Places: 
Papasquiaro (Valle)
Places: 
Durango
Places: 
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Places: 
Rosario (Sierra)
Places: 
Chihuahua
Places: 
Tettas de Juana (Aguaje)
Places: 
Real del Oro (Haciendas del Jurisdicciones de)
Places: 
San Bartholome (Valle)
Places: 
Sayaniquilpan, San Francisco (Pueblo)
Places: 
Guichapan (Jurisdiccion)
Places: 
Tirazano (Pueblo de Tepehuanes)
Places: 
Las Bocas (Pueblo)
Places: 
Coahuila
Places: 
Guadalajara
Places: 
Cerro Gordo
Places: 
Nueva Vizcaya
Places: 
Las Vecinas (Sierra)
Ethnic Groups: 
Mulatos
Ethnic Groups: 
Taraumares
Ethnic Groups: 
Apaches
Ethnic Groups: 
Cholomes
Ethnic Groups: 
Negros
Ethnic Groups: 
Lobos
Ethnic Groups: 
Tepehuanes
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Out of order, folio 10 not legible
Reference Number: 
4300003
Rights: 
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