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Proceedings against Pena for murder of Indians and eventual proof of innocence.

Serial Number: 
041-00004
Title: 
Proceedings against Pena for murder of Indians and eventual proof of innocence.
Author(s): 
Pena, Thomas de la (Fray)
Author(s): 
Lasuen, Fermin Francisco de (Padre Presidente)
Author(s): 
Loriente, Josef (Fray)
Author(s): 
and others
Date: 
06-28-1786
Date: 
04-08-1795
Documentation: 
San Carlos de Monterrey, Mexico. June 28, 1786-April. 8, 1795. 154p. Letters. Originals, signed, copies.
Summary: 
Franciscan missionary Pena tried for alleged murder of several individual Indians; Pena responds in defense stating that murdered Indians died of epidemic, not violence; includes detailed account of atrocities against Indians by government soldiers; Series of character witness testimonies given in investigation conducted by Zuniga and Loriente; Pena eventually found innocent but suffers from hypochondria brought about by antagonism of Indians of Santa Clara. One witness. (D. J. McClelland, April. 1988)
Persons: 
Lasuen, Fermin Francisco de (Padre)(Presidente)
Persons: 
Noriega, Mathias (Padre)
Persons: 
Sal, Hermenegildo (Alferez)
Persons: 
Fages, Pedro (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Pena, Thomas de la (Fray)
Persons: 
Ortiz, Placido (Indio) (Testigo de Vista)
Persons: 
Valdez, Anacleto (Indio) (Testigo de Vista)
Persons: 
Moraga, Antonio (Indio)
Persons: 
Gonzalez, Diego (Comandante Interino) (Teniente)
Persons: 
Soler, Nicolas (Capitan)
Persons: 
Serra, Junipero (Padre)
Persons: 
Palou, Francisco (Padre)
Persons: 
Noboa, Diego de (Padre)
Persons: 
Albitre, Sebastian (Poblador)
Persons: 
Grijalba (Sargento)
Persons: 
Cordero, Mariano (Cavo)
Persons: 
Peralta, Juan Joseph (Cavo)
Persons: 
Peralta, Gabriel (Cavo) (Soldado)
Persons: 
Lato de la Vega, Ramon (Alferez)
Persons: 
Nove, Phelipe (Comandante General)
Persons: 
Vargas, Manuel (Cavo Amanuense)
Persons: 
Xisto, Antonio (Indio)
Persons: 
Romero, Antonio (Poblador)
Persons: 
Pablo (Indio)
Persons: 
Luis (Indio)(Testigo de Vista)
Persons: 
Murguia, Joseph Antonio (Padre)
Persons: 
George (Indio)
Persons: 
Silverio (Indio)
Persons: 
Julio (Indio)
Persons: 
Yndalecio (Indio)
Persons: 
Franco (Indio)
Persons: 
Franco (Indio)
Persons: 
Juaquin (Indio)
Persons: 
Fabian (Indio)
Persons: 
Ubaldo (Indio)
Persons: 
Christoval (Indio)
Persons: 
Martin (Indio)
Persons: 
Bernal, Dionisio
Persons: 
Mesa, Maria de
Persons: 
Riobo, Juan (Fray)
Persons: 
Benvenuto Antonio (Indio)
Persons: 
Pelayo (Indio)
Persons: 
Estanislao Antonio (Indio)
Persons: 
Arrellano (Soldado)
Persons: 
Daniel (Indio)
Persons: 
Sinova, Francisco
Persons: 
Diego (Indio)
Persons: 
Vargas, Manuel
Persons: 
Estrella, Jose
Persons: 
Francisco Chino (Indio)
Persons: 
Bernabe (Indio)
Persons: 
Silvas (Indio)
Persons: 
Sixto (Indio)
Persons: 
Sitjar, Buenaventura (Padre Presidente)
Persons: 
Ysabel
Persons: 
Montenegro
Persons: 
Bojorques, Pedro (Soldado)
Persons: 
Castro, Juaquin de
Persons: 
Lino (Testigo de Vista)
Persons: 
Jose Maria (Indio) (Testigo de Vista)
Persons: 
Rengel, Josef Antonio (Comandante General)
Persons: 
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Persons: 
Mugartegui, Guardian(?) Pablo de
Persons: 
Bachiller
Persons: 
Zuniga, Jose de (Capitan Comandante)
Persons: 
Loriente, Josef (Fray)
Persons: 
Vargas, Manuel de (Sargento)
Persons: 
Arrillaga, Jose Joaquin de (Gobernador Interino)
Persons: 
Ruvio, Jose de
Persons: 
Danti, Antonio (Padre)
Persons: 
Landaeta, Martin (Fray)
Persons: 
Sanchez, Justo Antonio (Soldado)
Persons: 
Gomez, Juan Chrisostomo (Fray)
Persons: 
Romeu, Joseph Antonio (Gobernador)
Persons: 
Pallas, Caietano (Fray)
Persons: 
Soler, Pablo (Cirujano)
Persons: 
Benito (Indio) (Testigo)
Persons: 
Gaspar (Indio) (Testigo)
Persons: 
Francisco El Chico (Indio) (Testigo)
Persons: 
Dumetz, Francisco (Padre)
Persons: 
Cambon, Pedro Benito (Padre)
Persons: 
Ybon (Indio)
Persons: 
Amador, Pedro (Sargento)
Persons: 
Branciforte
Places: 
San Carlos (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Clara (Mision)
Places: 
Galvez, San Joseph de (Pueblo)
Places: 
Monterrey (Presidio)
Places: 
San Francisco (Presidio)
Places: 
San Gabriel (Mision)
Places: 
California Antigua
Places: 
San Antonio (Mision)
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Presidio)
Places: 
San Luis
Places: 
Lima
Places: 
San Fernando (Colegio Apostolico)
Places: 
San Diego (Presidio)
Places: 
Santo Domingo
Places: 
Los Angeles (Reino)
Places: 
Santo Thomas (Mision)
Places: 
Capistrano, San Juan (Mision)
Places: 
Vaxa California
Places: 
Guadalaxara (Ciudad)
Places: 
Coaila (Pueblo)
Places: 
Santa Barbara (Canal)
Places: 
Barcelona (Real Colegio de Cirugia)
Ethnic Groups: 
Genolles
Ethnic Groups: 
Californios
First Location: 
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 001 ff. 045-122 exp. 4
Original Location: 
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 001 ff. 045-122 exp. 4
Language: 
Spanish
Notes: 
Out of order, some folios very faded
Reference Number: 
100004
Rights: 
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